WHO LOGO

Central Data Catalog

Citation Information

Type Journal Article - Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
Title Healthy Life Expectancy: Comparison of OECD Countries in 2001
Author(s)
Volume 27
Issue 1
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2003
Page numbers 5-11
URL http://www.eurohex.eu/bibliography/pdf/Mathers_AustNZJPublicHealth_2003-0059836418/Mathers_AustNZJPu​blicHealth_2003.pdf
Abstract
Objectives: To compare average levels of population health for Australia and other OECD countries in 2001. Methods: Healthy life expectancies (HALE) for OECD countries for 2001 are based on analysis of mortality data for OECD countries, country-specific estimates of health state prevalences for 135 causes from the Global Burden of Disease 2000 study, and an analysis of 34 health surveys in 28 OECD countries, using novel methods to improve the comparability of self-report data. Results: HALE at birth ranges from a low of 59.8 years for Turkey to a high of 73.6 years in Japan in 2001. Australia ranks fourth among OECD countries at 71.6 years with a 95% uncertainty interval of 70.9 to 72.8 years, ahead of New Zealand in 13th place at 70.3 years. The equivalent ‘lost’ healthy years at birth range from around 10 years in OECD countries with lowest life expectancies to around eight years in those with high life expectancies at birth. There is a statistically significant association between higher levels of health expenditure and higher healthy life expectancy across OECD countries, although causal inferences require more sophisticated analyses of the health system and non-health system determinants of levels of health. Conclusions: The new methods used in the WHO Multi-Country Household Survey Study have increased the comparability of self-report data across OECD countries, a major step forward in the use of selfreported data on health. Building on this experience, WHO is developing improved health status measurement techniques for a World Health Survey to be carried out in 2002/03.

Related studies

»
»
»
»
»
»
»
»
»
»
»
»
»
»
»
»
»
»
»
»
»
»
»
»
»
Mathers, Colin D, Christopher L. J Murray, Joshua A Salomon, Ritu Sadana, Ajay Tandon, Alan D Lopez, Bedirhan Ustün, and Somnath Chatterji. "Healthy Life Expectancy: Comparison of OECD Countries in 2001." Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health 27, no. 1 (2003): 5-11.
© WHO 2019