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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - Journal of urban health
Title Quantifying urbanization as a risk factor for noncommunicable disease
Author(s)
Volume 88
Issue 5
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2011
Page numbers 906-918
URL http://dro.deakin.edu.au/eserv/DU:30035922/allender-quantifying-post-2011.pdf
Abstract
Aim of this study was to investigate the poorly understood relationship between the process
of urbanization and non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in Sri Lanka using a multicomponent,
quantitative measure of urbanicity.
NCD prevalence data were taken from the Sri Lankan Diabetes and Cardiovascular Study
comprising a representative sample of people from seven of the nine provinces in Sri Lanka
(n=4,485/5,000; response rate=89.7%). We constructed a measure of the urban environment
for seven areas using a seven-item scale based on data from study clusters to develop an
?urbanicity” scale. The items were population size, population density, and access to markets,
transportation, communications/media, economic factors, environment/sanitation, health,
education, and housing quality. Linear and logistic regression models were constructed to
examine the relationship between urbanicity and chronic disease risk factors.

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Allender, Steven, Kremlin Wickramasinghe, Michael Goldacre, David Matthews, and Prasad Katulanda. "Quantifying urbanization as a risk factor for noncommunicable disease." Journal of urban health 88, no. 5 (2011): 906-918.
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