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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - Journal of urban health
Title Quantifying urbanization as a risk factor for noncommunicable disease
Volume 88
Issue 5
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2011
Page numbers 906-918
URL http://dro.deakin.edu.au/eserv/DU:30035922/allender-quantifying-post-2011.pdf
Aim of this study was to investigate the poorly understood relationship between the process
of urbanization and non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in Sri Lanka using a multicomponent,
quantitative measure of urbanicity.
NCD prevalence data were taken from the Sri Lankan Diabetes and Cardiovascular Study
comprising a representative sample of people from seven of the nine provinces in Sri Lanka
(n=4,485/5,000; response rate=89.7%). We constructed a measure of the urban environment
for seven areas using a seven-item scale based on data from study clusters to develop an
?urbanicity” scale. The items were population size, population density, and access to markets,
transportation, communications/media, economic factors, environment/sanitation, health,
education, and housing quality. Linear and logistic regression models were constructed to
examine the relationship between urbanicity and chronic disease risk factors.

Related studies

Allender, Steven, Kremlin Wickramasinghe, Michael Goldacre, David Matthews, and Prasad Katulanda. "Quantifying urbanization as a risk factor for noncommunicable disease." Journal of urban health 88, no. 5 (2011): 906-918.
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