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    Country Profile
What are the current states of indicators contributing to a comprehensive view of nutrition for health and development in Madagascar? See national data below.

Child Malnutrition

Child (<5 y) Anthropometry
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Indicator Year Value Source Info
% Low birthweight (<2500 g)help 2008-2009 16.0 View

Vitamin and Mineral Deficiencies

Indicator Year Value Source Info
% Anaemia children <5 y (Hb <110 g/L)help 2003-2004 68.3 View
% Anaemia pregnant women (Hb <110 g/L)help 2003-2004 50.1 View
% Clinical vitamin A deficiency in women(history of night blindness during most recent pregnancy)help 2003-2004 7.5 View
% Subclinical vitamin A deficiency in preschool-age children (serum/plasma retinol <0.70 μmol/L)help 2000 42.1 View
Median urinary iodine concentration (μg/L) in children 6-12 yhelp   no data  

Health Services

Indicator Year Value Source Info
% Births attended by skilled health personnelhelp 2009 43.9 View
% Children 6-59 months receiving vitamin A supplements (dose 1)help 2012 96.0 View
% Children 6-59 months receiving vitamin A supplements (dose 2)help 2012 88.0 View
% Children aged 1 y immunized against measleshelp 2013 63.0 View
% Children with diarrhoea who received zinchelp   no data  
% Population using an improved sanitation facilityhelp 2012 14.0 View
% Population using improved drinking water sourceshelp 2012 50.0 View
% Women receiving iron and folate supplements during pregnancyhelp   no data  

Food Security

Indicator Year Value Source Info
% Population below $1 per dayhelp 2010 81.3 View
% Population below minimum level of dietary energy consumptionhelp 2011 33.4 View
Iodised salt consumption (% households consuming adequately iodised salt - 15 parts per million or more)help 2008-2009 16.0 View
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Malnutrition in Women

Female malnutrition based on BMI
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Caring Practices

Indicator Year Value Source Info
% children 0-23 months who were put to the breast within 1 hour of birthhelp   no data  
% Infants 6-8 months age who receive solid, semi-solid or soft foodshelp   no data  
% children 6-23 months who receive a minimum acceptable diethelp   no data  
% Children <5 y with diarrhoea receiving ORT and continued feedinghelp 2008-2009 49.4 View
% Women 15-19 y who are mothers or pregnant with their first childhelp 2008-2009 31.7 View
Indicator Year Value Source Info
Exclusive breastfeeding under 6 monthshelp 2009 51.0 View


Indicator Year Value Source Info
General government expenditure on health as % of total government expenditurehelp 2012 12.8 View
Total expenditure on health as % of gross domestic producthelp 2012 4.1 View
Per capita total expenditure on health (US$)help 2012 39.9 View
Nutrition component of the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF)help 2008-2011 Medium View
Nutrition component of Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP)help 2007-2012 Weak View
Nutrition Governancehelp 2009 Medium View
Maternity leavehelp 2009 14 weeks View
Monitoring and enforcement of the International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substituteshelp 2007 Yes View


Indicator Year Value Source Info
Degree training in nutrition existshelp   no data  
Nutrition is part of medical curriculahelp   no data  
Number of trained nutrition professionals per 100,000 populationhelp   no data  
Nursing and midwifery personnel density per 1,000 populationhelp 2004 0.3 View
GDP per capita (PPP US$)help 2011 972 View
GDP per capita annual growth rate (%)help 2011 -1.9 View
Official development assistance (ODA) received (net disbursements) (% of GNI)help 2010 5.5 View
Low-Income Food-Deficit Country (LIFDC)help 2012 Yes View


Indicator Year Value Source Info
% Seats held by women in national parliamenthelp 2013 17.5 View
Averaged aggregate governance indicatorshelp 2010 -0.74 View
Gender Inequality Index (GII)help   no data  
Gender Parity Index in primary level enrolment (ratio of girls to boys)help 2011 0.98 View
Global Hunger Indexhelp 2013 25.2 View
Human development index (HDI) valuehelp 2012 0.483 View
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Female Education Levels<br/>2008-2009
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