(2014; 46 pages)
The provision of complete healthcare service by health facilities necessitates the availability of safe, effective and affordable medicines of the required quality, in adequate quantity at all times. There are vast numbers of medicine in the market; availing all this medicine in a certain country will never be a wise chose as well the cost of those medicine is unaffordable.
Therefore for insuring the availability of the safe, effective and good quality medicines limiting the number of medicine used in a country is necessary. Considering the above concept and the majority population need preparation of essential medicine list is vital for assuring availability of medicines.
Essential medicines are those that satisfy the priority health care needs of the population.
They are selected with due regard to public health relevance, evidence on efficacy and safety, and comparative cost-effectiveness. Essential medicines are intended to be available within the context of functioning health systems at all times in adequate amounts, in the appropriate dosage forms, with assured quality and adequate information, and at a price the individual and the community can afford.
The process of preparing essential lists of medicines is a continuous process which takes into account changing priorities for public health action, epidemiological conditions as well as progress in pharmacological and pharmaceutical knowledge. In light of the above concept, periodic revision of National Essential Medicine List is important to identify medicine which is currently needed with regard to the prevalence of disease as well as the cost of the medicine.