Tanzania: Government Considers National Drug Policy. Essential Drugs Monitor No. 009 (1990)
(1990; 1 page)


In mid-1989, a group of senior staff from the Tanzanian Ministry of Health met with a consulting team from DANIDA and the World Health Organization to begin formulating a national drug policy for Tanzania. Steps had previously been made in this direction, such as the Pharmaceuticals and Poisons Act of 1978 and the adoption of a national essential drugs list in 1981. The policy was drafted at a three day workshop in August 1989 and aims to provide “essential pharmaceutical products of quality, proven effectiveness, and acceptable safety at a price that the individual and the community can afford” for all Tanzanians. The policy includes provisions covering drug selection, procurement, distribution, quality assurance, education and training, information, control of misuse, and advertising. The policy also aims to promote the national pharmaceutical industry in the hopes that it becomes self-reliant in the production of drugs from imported raw materials in the short-term and completely self-sufficient in the long-term. The ultimate goal is for the national industry to supply essential drugs in a quantity sufficient to meet national demand via the most economical means. The national drug policy draft also included provisions aimed at controlling drug prices and integrating the use of traditional medicines into primary health care. (Abstract by Flannery Bowman, 2013)

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