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(1994; 1 page)
This article by Bimal Shrestha outlines the national drug policy of Nepal. In 1986, Nepal developed its own essential drugs list based on WHO’s Model List. The list was revised in 1992 and from now on will be revised every two years. At the latest revision, 14 drugs were deleted from the list and 29 drugs were added. The main criteria for drug selection are efficacy, diseases prevalent in the country, safety, quality and stability. Lists of deleted and added drugs are included in this article, respectively. The essential drugs list can be used in Nepal for a variety of administrative and therapeutic purposes. The uses mentioned by Shrestha include importation of raw material, preparation of a standard drug treatment schedule, procurement by government health institutions, training, drug registration, production, drug quantification, and preparation of a national formulary. Another section of this article mentions a newly formed non-governmental organization promoting rational drug use: Pharmaceutical Horizon of Nepal. PHON is a group of pharmacists and pharmacologists who aim to provide independent drug information to prescribers and those who recommend drugs to the public.
Abstract written by M. Tobin, 2013.