Pharmaceutical Policy and the Effects of the Economic Crisis: Estonia
(2011; 4 pages)

Abrégé

Estonia’s health care is mainly publicly funded through solidarity-based mandatory health insurance contributions in the form of an earmarked social payroll tax, which amounts to almost two thirds of total health care expenditures. The Ministry of Social Affairs (MoSA) is responsible for funding emergency care for the uninsured as well as for ambulance services and public health programmes. Municipalities have a relatively small, yet diverse role in health financing. Private expenditures comprise about one quarter of all health care expenditure, mostly through out-of-pocket payments (OOP) in the form of co-payments for pharmaceuticals and coverage of dental care...

 
Le Portail d'information - Médicaments essentiels et produits de santé a été conçu et est maintenu par l'ONG Human Info. Dernière mise à jour: le 1 décembre 2019