The Role of the Pharmacist in the Health Care System
(1994; 60 pages) Voir le document au format PDF
Table des matières
Ouvrir ce répertoire et afficher son contenuPART I: THE ROLE OF THE PHARMACIST IN THE HEALTH CARE SYSTEM
Fermer ce répertoirePART II: THE ROLE OF THE PHARMACIST: QUALITY PHARMACEUTICAL SERVICES - BENEFITS FOR GOVERNMENTS AND THE PUBLIC
Afficher le documentIntroduction
Afficher le documentPharmaceutical care
Afficher le documentAspects of pharmaceutical care
Afficher le documentRecommendations
 

Introduction

1. The Group endorsed the recommendations of the first World Health Organization meeting on the pharmacist in health care (1990) which identifies the various roles of the pharmacist and the relevant educational and manpower requirements.

2. This report focuses on the responsibilities of the pharmacist to the healthcare needs of the patient and of the community, i.e. the concept of pharmaceutical care.

3. Fundamental differences are acknowledged to exist in healthcare delivery systems from country to country. However, the concept of pharmaceutical care which is considered to have relevance in every country, notwithstanding differences in socio-economic conditions development.

4. Socio-economic factors have a major effect on healthcare delivery, the rational use of drugs, and the development of pharmaceutical care. (See table 1). Wherever populations are aging, the prevalence of chronic disease is increasing, and the range of medications is broadening, drug therapy has become the most frequently used form of medical intervention in every practice setting. While appropriate drug therapy is indispensable to safe and cost-effective healthcare, the consequences of inappropriate drug therapy, both for patients and society in general, are considerable. Means of assuring rational and cost-effective use of drugs are needed in all countries regardless of their level of development. Pharmacists have a key role to play in meeting the needs of the individual and of society in this connection.

Table 1.

Factors Affecting Health Care Delivery, the Rational Use of Drugs and the Development of Pharmaceutical Care

Demography

Ageing populations
Vulnerable paediatric populations
Population increases
Changes in disease patterns/epidemiology
Geographic distribution of populations

Economic Factors

Increased costs of healthcare
National and global economics
The increasing gap between affluent and poor

Technology

Development of new drugs
New information delivery techniques and new information about existing drugs
More complex and potent drugs
Biotechnology

Sociological factors

Consumer expectations and involvement
Drug abuse/misuse
Use of traditional medicines

Political

Priorities in use of national resources (allocation to health)
Changing market philosophies
Policy makers’ understanding of pharmacy
Drug regulation
National drug policies; Essential Drug Lists

Professional

Variations in education/training of pharmacists
Pharmacy personnel distribution
Evolving philosophy towards patient care in pharmacy
Basis of remuneration of pharmacists

Healthcare delivery

Access to health care
More treatment of severe illness outside hospitals

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