(1994; 60 pages)
5. Pharmacy manpower development for health care systems
It should be the objective of all countries to have a full pharmaceutical service of the highest standard. Hence the goal of pharmacy manpower development should be to make pharmacy a graduate profession. The circumstances of some countries do not yet permit this goal to be fully achieved, but, meanwhile, minimum acceptable standards should be established, based on university degree curricula, but of shorter duration.
Manpower development for health services has three components: planning, production (education and training), and management. The purpose of planning is to determine qualitative and quantitative requirements for staff; production is concerned with the education of the various types of staff required, in the numbers specified by the plan; and management utilizes and monitors staff, and provides feedback so that all three components can continuously adjust to the changing needs of health systems.