The Role of the Pharmacist in the Health Care System
(1994; 60 pages) Voir le document au format PDF
Table des matières
Fermer ce répertoirePART I: THE ROLE OF THE PHARMACIST IN THE HEALTH CARE SYSTEM
Afficher le documentParticipants
Afficher le documentAcknowledgements
Afficher le document1. Introduction
Afficher le document2. Manpower imbalances in pharmacy
Afficher le document3. The knowledge and expertise of pharmacists
Ouvrir ce répertoire et afficher son contenu4. The scope of pharmacy and the functions of pharmacists
Fermer ce répertoire5. Pharmacy manpower development for health care systems
Afficher le document5.1 Manpower planning
Afficher le document5.2 The pharmacist in the health team
Afficher le document5.3 Undergraduate education in pharmacy
Afficher le document5.4 Undergraduate education related to the pharmacist’s role in the rational use of drugs
Afficher le document5.5 Postgraduate education and research
Afficher le document5.6 Manpower management
Afficher le document5.7 Continuing education as an aspect of manpower management
Afficher le document6. Monitoring of pharmacy manpower development
Ouvrir ce répertoire et afficher son contenu7. Recommendations
Afficher le documentReferences
Ouvrir ce répertoire et afficher son contenuPART II: THE ROLE OF THE PHARMACIST: QUALITY PHARMACEUTICAL SERVICES - BENEFITS FOR GOVERNMENTS AND THE PUBLIC
 

5.5 Postgraduate education and research

Schools of pharmacy have traditionally offered postgraduate education in pharmaceutical sciences, usually involving research. This should be continued in order to support specialist development in practice. In addition to postgraduate education in technical subjects, schools should offer courses related to specialized aspects of practice.

Pharmaceutical education in schools of pharmacy should be supported by substantial research activity, and it should be an objective of each school that members of the academic staff have a research commitment. Traditionally research has been concerned with the pharmaceutical sciences. Today there is an increasing need for research into aspects of pharmacy practice. The recent major inquiry in the United Kingdom (2) commented on the lack of data about pharmacy practice that should be available as the basis for future development of policy. Research into practice conducted by schools of pharmacy, involving collaboration between academic and practising pharmacists, could provide such information and therefore should be encouraged.

Research: health services and manpower

In addition to research in the pharmaceutical sciences, schools of pharmacy are, increasingly, concerned with research into pharmacy practice and the use of drugs in therapeutics including in some countries the evaluation of traditional medicines. This research may include investigations into prescribing practices, patterns of drug usage, the monitoring of adverse reactions, the pharmacists’ advisory role, computerized data handling, health economics, legislation, and the various aspects of abuse and non-rational use of drugs. This type of research is particularly relevant to promoting the rational and proper use of drugs, and to the planning, and the objectives, methods and evaluation, of undergraduate and continuing education.

Practising pharmacists are taking part in health-systems research, and this is to be encouraged as a means of providing databases for future development. In view of the close professional collaboration between physicians and pharmacists, collaborative research projects on the rational use of drugs are particularly indicated. The experience and the results benefit physicians, pharmacists and patients alike. Many such projects are undertaken within the hospital/institutional environment, but schools of pharmacy can do much to promote similar projects between community pharmacists and general medical practitioners.

The main purpose of manpower research is to improve decision-making in health manpower development, i.e., the planning, production and management of manpower (1, pp. 73-76).

vers la section précédente
vers la section suivante
 
 
Le Portail d'information - Médicaments essentiels et produits de santé a été conçu et est maintenu par l'ONG Human Info. Dernière mise à jour: le 1 décembre 2019