(2014; 663 pages)
The public health system has practice seeks to improve the health and well being through approaches which focus on the entire population. It’s priority is to reduce disparities in health status between different social groups. Access to affordable essential medicines is a vital component of an efficient health care system. In our resource-constrained environment with the high burden of disease, the value of the Standard Treatment Guidelines and Essential Drug List in ensuring affordable and equitable access to medicines should not be underestimated.
Standard Treatment Guidelines ensure consistency, treatment efficacy for patients The Guidelines provide an expert consensus, quality of care standard, basis for monitoring for service providers and makes demand more predictable, allows pre-packs for supply managers. The Guidelines provide focus for therapeutic integration of special programmes, promotes efficient use of funds for policymakers.
Healthcare providers are provided information in regards to most appropriate drugs for use thus produces the best quality of care as the patients are receiving optimal therapy. Patients receive optimal drug therapy. The guidelines enable consistent and predictable treatment from all level of service providers and at all locations within the healthcare system. Consequently, drug availability or absence will contribute to the positive or negative impact on health.
The criteria for the selection of essential drugs for Primary Health Care in Madhya Pradesh are based on the WHO guidelines for drawing up a State EDL. Essential medicines are selected with due regard to disease prevalence, evidence on efficacy and safety, and comparative cost.
In keeping with the objectives of the State Drug Policy the department is trying to ensure provision of essential drugs in generic form at various levels of healthcare system i.e. Primary Health Centre; Community Health Center, District Hospitals and Speciality centers on the basis of services offered and the competency of the staff at each facility.
This document is an effort to optimize the resources and provide quality of care to the population in the state. It will also minimize over and unnecessary medication. Provision of good quality generic drugs will also reduce the out-of-pocket expenses of the population at large.