Evaluation of Rational Drug Use at Teaching Hospitals in Punjab, Pakistan
(2016; 4 pages)

Aslam A, Khatoon S, Mehdi M, Mumtaz S, Murtaza B. Evaluation of Rational Drug Use at Teaching Hospitals in Punjab, Pakistan. J Pharm Pract Community Med. 2016;2(2):54-57.


Introduction: Rational drug use is a function of prescription practices having medical, social, and economic implications.

Methods: This study was conducted to assess the drug use patterns at four government hospitals from major cities of Pakistan by using WHO drug use indicators.

Results: Results showed that on average, 3.53 drugs were being prescribed per encounter. Percentage of antibiotics prescribed was 69.9% and the use of injection was 34.95%. Only 39.5% drugs were being prescribed by their generic names. Mean consultation time and dispensing time in the four hospitals were 3.64 minutes and 51.91 seconds respectively. Only about 73.47% of prescribed drugs was being actually dispensed. On the average, only 3.96% prescriptions were adequately labelled and 54.98% of the patients were found to have adequate knowledge regarding drug dose. Availability of drugs was also not satisfactory though; greater but not all drugs were being prescribed from EDL.

Conclusion: The results indicate that there is urgent need for improving rational drug use, availability of drugs and educate the patients about drug use.

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