Standard Operating Procedures Manual for the Provision of Clinical Pharmacy Services in Ethiopia
(2015; 57 pages)


According to the Minimum Standards for Hospitals and EHRIG, all hospitals are expected to provide clinical pharmacy services as part of their pharmaceutical services. The EHRIG states that clinical pharmacy services are patient-oriented services developed to promote the rational use of medicines, and more specifically, to maximize therapeutic benefits (optimize treatment outcomes), minimize risk, reduce cost, and support patient choice and decisions, thereby ensuring the safe, effective, and economic use of medicine treatment in individual patients. EHRIG expects pharmacists to carry out the following functions:

  • Provide advice to doctors, nurses, and other health care workers on the clinical use of medicines, economic medicine use, and safety.
  • Offer direct patient care services through, for example, medication history-taking, medicines education, and advice.
  • Offer hospital managers, including clinical managers, appropriate advice and support to enable them to make informed decisions with respect to medicines policy, procedures, and guidelines designed to ensure safety, effectiveness, and economy in medicine use.

This SOPs manual describes the specific steps pharmacists providing clinical pharmacy services to inpatients in Ethiopia should follow. It contains SOPs for the provision of clinical pharmacy services at the inpatient level, with the necessary documentation and reporting systems.

This manual describes specific procedures in pharmaceutical care practice. It should be used as a hands-on reference for pharmacists providing clinical pharmacy services, thereby helping to standardize the practice in all hospitals, with the ultimate goal of optimizing patient care. The manual may also be used as a reference for health system managers, policymakers, health care providers, academicians, researchers, and pharmacy students.

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