- Palabras clave > compulsory licences
- Palabras clave > intellectual property laws
- Palabras clave > intellectual property protection (IPP)
- Palabras clave > parallel importation
- Palabras clave > patentability criteria - policy options
- Palabras clave > patents
- Palabras clave > pharmaceutical legislation
- Palabras clave > public health
- Palabras clave > Trade Related Aspects of the Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS)
- Palabras clave > TRIPS flexibilities
(2000; 140 pages) [French] [Spanish]
IV.3.1 Options - Industrial Applicability
In order to avoid the proliferation of patents that may unduly jeopardize innovation and competition in the health sector and, particularly, to avoid the patenting of mere methods of therapeutic treatment (if so desired), patent laws may provide for as precise a concept of industrial applicability as possible, as presented in model option:
Patents shall be granted in respect of inventions capable of being manufactured or otherwise industrially used.
This formulation follows the approach applied in European and many other countries, based on the industrial applicability of the invention, rather than on the broader concept of “usefulness” applied in the United States.