Medicines in Health Systems: Advancing Access, Affordability and Appropriate Use. Chapter 3 - Annex 1: Medicines in Universal Health Care Coverage. Case Study of China’s Rural Cooperative Medical Scheme (NCMS)
(2014; 12 pages)


Three major health insurance programs cover specific groups: rural residents under the New Rural Cooperative Medical Scheme (NCMS: over 90% of rural population covered, urban employees under the Urban Employees Basic Medical Insurance (UE-BMI), and unemployed urban residents under the Urban Residents Basic Medical Insurance (UR-BMI). The three schemes function differently in how they are financed and operate, and can be quite different with regard to reimbursement structures and coverage. Healthcare reform, including implementation of insurance schemes, is very dynamic. Lower levels (municipalities/counties) are given considerable discretion in implementation.

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