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dc.contributor.authorWorld Health Organizationen
dc.contributor.authorInternational Programme on Chemical Safetyen
dc.coverage.spatialGeneva
dc.date.accessioned2012-06-16T14:12:29Z
dc.date.available2012-06-16T14:12:29Z
dc.date.created1991en
dc.date.issued1991en
dc.identifier.isbn924157111X
dc.identifier.urihttps://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/40299
dc.descriptionSummary and evaluation of human health risks and effects on the environment in French and Spanishen
dc.description80 p.en
dc.description.abstractEvaluates risks to human health and the environment posed by the production and use of triphenyl phosphate, a compound widely used as a flame retardant in phenolic and phenylene-oxide-based resins for the manufacture of electrical and automobile components. Triphenyl phosphate is also used as a non-flammable plasticizer in cellulose acetate for photographic films, and as a component of hydraulic fluids and lubricant oils. Main sources of release into the environment are identified as leakage or spills of hydraulic fluid, leaching from plastics, and manufacturing processes. A review of data on effects on organisms in the environment concentrates on risks to the aquatic environment, concluding that triphenyl phosphate is the most acutely toxic of te various triaryl phosphates to fish, shrimp, and daphnids. The remaining sections evaluate toxic effects as determined through studies in experimental models and observations in humans. The book notes that triphenyl phosphate exhibits low toxicity in short-term studies, is not mutagenic, and has not been shown, in several well-designed studies, to cause delayed neuropathy or other neurotoxic changes. Studies of exposed workers found no evidence of neurological disease or other abnormalities. Risks to the environment are likewise judged to be low, though spills of hydraulic fluid could result in fish killsen
dc.language.isoenen
dc.language.isojaen
dc.publisherWorld Health Organization
dc.publisherWorld Health Organization
dc.relation.ispartofseriesEnvironmental health criteria ; 111en
dc.subject.meshOrganophosphorus Compoundsen
dc.subject.meshEnvironmental Exposureen
dc.subject.meshEnvironmental Pollutantsen
dc.subject.otherChemical Toxicology and Carcinogenicityen
dc.titleTriphenyl phosphate / published under the joint sponsorship of the United Nations Environment Programme, the International Labour Organisation, and the World Health Organizationen
dc.subject.meshqualifieradverse effects toxicityen


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