United Kingdom (Scotland): health system review
AbstractOver the last decade, Scotland’s health system has increasingly diverged from the health system in England. Scotland has pursued an approach stressing integration and partnership among all parts of its NHS as opposed to an English approach in part driven by market forces. Comparatively fewer organizational and structural changes, in addition to consistent policy objectives, have provided a strong launching pad for achieving improvement. Substantial increases in funding have led to significant growth in the clinical workforce and numerous performance targets have been set to improve population health, the quality and outcomes of health care, and the efficiency of the health system. As a result, Scotland has made well-documented progress in terms of population health and the quality and effectiveness of care. However, a number of challenges remain. More progress is needed to close the gap in health status between Scotland and other developed countries, and to address persistent inequalities in health within Scotland. As in many other countries, increased fiscal pressures may make it difficult to maintain current levels of health care quantity and quality in future.
Steel, D and Cylus, J & European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies. (2012). United Kingdom (Scotland): health system review. World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe. https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/330314
Health Systems in Transition;vol. 14, n. 9
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ORGANIZATION OF EPIDEMIOLOGICAL SURVEILLANCE OF INFLUENZA IN THE UNITED KINGDOM (ENGLAND AND WALES, SCOTLAND) AND THE NETHERLANDS*= L’ORGANISATION DE LA SURVEILLANCE ÉPIDÉMIOLOGIQUE DE LA GRIPPE AU ROYAUME-UNI (ANGLETERRE ET PAYS DE GALLES, ECOSSE) ET AUX PAYS-BAS* World Health Organization (1978)
World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe; European Observatory on Health Care Systems (Copenhagen : WHO Regional Office for Europe, 1999)