Healthy Lifestyle Centres: a service for screening noncommunicable diseases through primary health-care institutions in Sri Lanka
AbstractThe Ministry of Health in Sri Lanka initiated the Healthy Lifestyle Centres (HLCs) in 2011, to address the lack of a structured noncommunicable disease (NCD) screening service through the lowest level of primary health-care institutions. The main service objective of the HLCs is to reduce the risk of NCDs of 40–65 year olds by detecting risk factors early and improving access to specialized care for those with a higher risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The screened clients are managed at HLCs, based on the total-risk approach to assess their 10-year CVD risk, using the World Health Organization/International Society of Hypertension risk-prediction chart. Those with a 10-year CVD risk of more than 30% are referred to the specialized medical clinics, while others are managed with lifestyle modification and are requested to visit the HLC for rescreening, based on the levels of CVD risk and intermediate risk factors. Identified challenges to date include: underutilization of services, especially by men; weak staff adherence to protocols; lack of integration into pre-existing NCD-screening services; non-inclusion of screening for all the major NCDs; and human resources. The government plans to address these challenges as a priority, within the context of the National multisectoral action plan for the prevention and control of NCDs in Sri Lanka 2016–2020. Key interventions include: extended opening hours for HLCs, outreach activities in workplaces, and integration with “well woman clinics”. Costs related to actions have been realistically estimated. Some actions have already been initiated, while others are being designed with identified funds.
DS Virginie Mallawaarachchi, Shiranee C Wickremasinghe, Lakshmi C Somatunga, Vithanage TSK Siriwardena & Nalika S Gunawardena. (2016). Healthy Lifestyle Centres: a service for screening noncommunicable diseases through primary health-care institutions in Sri Lanka. WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health, 5 (2), 89 - 95. World Health Organization. Regional Office for South-East Asia. https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/329642
JournalWHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health, 5 (2): 89 - 95