Small-scale water supplies in the pan-European region: background. challenges. improvements
AbstractSmall-scale water supplies are the backbone of water supply in rural areas in the entire pan-European region. Safe and acceptable water for human consumption that is available in sufficient quantity, physically accessible and affordable is a crucial prerequisite for human well-being. Access to safe water is not only fundamental to good health but also to satisfactory livelihoods, dignity and prospects for economic growth and education. The provision of safe and acceptable drinking-water of sufficient quantity frequently represents a challenge to small-scale water supplies. Experience has shown that it is typically their administrative, managerial and operational characteristics and resourcing specifics which set them apart from larger supplies. They are more vulnerable to breakdown and contamination than larger utilities. Many of today’s national and international policy frameworks already recognize that further attention to this topic is needed. This document is intended for supporting decision-makers, such as policy-makers or regulators in the drinking-water sector, to appreciate better and address the particularities and characteristics of small-scale water supplies. It provides a range of background information, case studies and lessons learned, and gives ideas for addressing issues relating to small-scale water supplies in national programmes. Additionally, information on further reading as well as current international networking activities with respect to smallscale water supplies is provided. This document was developed by the German Federal Environment Agency WHO Collaborating Centre for Research on Drinking Water Hygiene (Bad Elster, Germany) in cooperation with the WHO Regional Office for Europe and the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe.
World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe. (2011). Small-scale water supplies in the pan-European region: background. challenges. improvements. World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe. https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/326401
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