Association of overweight and obesity with decline in academic performance among female high-school students, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
AbstractThe aim of this study was to evaluate the association between overweight/obesity and future academic performance among high-school students in Saudi Arabia. This was a retrospective cohort study of 257 12th grade female students in Alabna [Ministry of Defence] high schools in Riyadh during 2013/14. Overweight/obesity was based on weight and height at 10th grade. Decline in academic performance was defined as a reduction by > 1 standard deviation in marks between 10th and 12th grades. One hundred and five students were overweight/obese and 30 had declined academic performance. Self-esteem scale was similar in both groups. In a multiple logistic regression model adjusted for sociodemographic characteristics, study-related lifestyle and self-esteem, overweight/obesity was associated with declining academic performance. Other independent associates included paternal and maternal education, and living outside governmentally provided housing. We report a negative independent association between overweight/obesity and subsequent academic performance among female high-school students in Saudi Arabia. The results highlight the need for community and school programmes to target overweight/obesity among high-school students
La présente étude avait pour objectif d'évaluer l'association entre le surpoids/l'obésité et les futures performances scolaires de lycéennes en Arabie saoudite. Il s'agissait d'une étude de cohorte rétrospective incluant 257 lycéennes de douzième [classe terminale] au lycée Alabna [Ministère de la Défense] à Riyad entre 2013 et 2014. Le surpoids/l'obésité reposait sur le poids et la taille en classe de dixième [première classe du lycée]. La baisse des performances scolaires a été définie comme une réduction de plus d'un écart type dans les notes entre la dixième et la douzième. Cent cinq lycéennes étaient en surpoids ou obèses, et 30 présentaient une baisse des performances scolaires. L'échelle d'estime de soi était similaire dans les deux groupes. Dans un modèle de régression logistique multiple ajusté en fonction des caractéristiques socio-démographiques, du mode de vie et de l'estime dans les études, le surpoids/l'obésité était associé[e] à une baisse des performances scolaires. D'autres éléments associés incluaient l'éducation paternelle et maternelle, et le fait de ne pas disposer d'un logement fourni par l'Etat. Nous avons rapporté une association indépendante négative entre le surpoids/l'obésité et les performances scolaires ultérieures des lycéennes en Arabie saoudite. Les résultats soulignent le besoin de programmes communautaires et scolaires pour cibler le surpoids/l'obésité parmi les lycéennes
Adaili, M.A., Mohamed, A.G. & Alkhashan, H. (2016). Association of overweight and obesity with decline in academic performance among female high-school students, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. EMHJ-Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 22 (12), 887 - 893. World Health Organization, Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean. https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/260300
JournalEMHJ-Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 22 (12): 887 - 893
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