AbstractMajor vector-borne diseases account for an estimated 17% of the global burden of all infectious diseases, and disproportionately affect poor populations. These diseases impede economic development through direct medical costs and indirect costs such as loss of productivity and impact on tourism. The WHO South-East Asia Region bears the highest burden of some of the vector-borne diseases such as malaria and lymphatic filariasis and is among the highest burden for dengue. The Region is also reporting Zika virus disease and is at risk of introduction of new vector-borne diseases such as yellow fever. Outbreaks of dengue and chikungunya are increasing in frequency and intensity in many countries in the Region. Health systems must be prepared to detect and respond quickly and effectively to eliminate, control and prevent the existing and emerging vector-borne diseases. In this regard a Global Vector Control Response (GVCR) was developed through a consultative process with active participation of the SEA Region. The GVCR along with a resolution (resolution WHA70.16) was approved by the Seventieth World Health Assembly. The resolution urges Member States to develop or adapt existing vector control strategies to implement the GVCR, invest on human resources and strengthen national and subnational capacity. The resolution requests to consult Member States through the Regional Committee on developing regional action plans to implement and monitor the GVCR. The attached working paper was presented to the High-Level Preparatory (HLP) Meeting for its review and recommendations. The HLP reviewed the paper and made the following recommendations for consideration by the Seventieth Session of the Regional Committee: Actions by Member States (1) Collaborate in human resources development to fill the gap in trained entomologists in the Region. (2) Collaborate in the field of public health entomology, particularly in research and capacity-building. (3) Strengthen cross-border collaboration and alignment of vector control programmes in order to deal with vector-borne diseases.
World Health Organization. Regional Office for South-East Asia. (2017). Vector control. World Health Organization. Regional Office for South-East Asia. http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/258546