Smoking behaviour, knowledge and perceived susceptibility to lung cancer among secondary-school students in Amman, Jordan
AbstractSmoking in Jordan is a serious problem as it affects almost all segments of society including children. This study aimed to evaluate the smoking behaviour of Jordanian secondary-school students (aged 16–18 years), their awareness of the dangers of smoking and their perceived susceptibility to lung cancer. Of the stratified random sample of students from Amman schools (n = 648), 43% were ever smokers (had smoked for 1 year) and 27.6% were current smokers, while 81% reported having a smoker in the family. Students in western Amman (higher socioeconomic status) and those who started smoking at a younger age demonstrated better knowledge about smoking-related consequences. Perceived susceptibility to lung cancer was significantly associated with sex, perceived seriousness of lung cancer and school location. Students’ sex, socioeconomic status and the family environment were important factors that influenced students’ smoking behaviour and risk perceptions and these findings have significant policy implications.
Le tabagisme en Jordanie est un problème grave car il touche presque toutes les couches de la société et notamment les enfants. La présente étude réalisée visait à évaluer le comportement en matière d'usage du tabac fumé de lycéens (âgés de 16 à 18 ans) en Jordanie, leur sensibilisation aux dangers du tabagisme et la probabilité d'être atteints d'un cancer du poumon selon eux. Au sein de l'échantillon randomisé stratifié de lycéens scolarisés à Amman (n = 648), 43 % avaient déjà consommé du tabac fumé (pendant un an) et 27,6 % étaient des fumeurs actifs, tandis que 81 % ont déclaré avoir un fumeur dans leur famille. Des lycéens de l'ouest d'Amman (au statut socioéconomique plus élevé) et ceux qui avaient commencé à fumer à un âge plus jeune avaient de meilleures connaissances sur les conséquences liées au tabagisme. La probabilité perçue d'un cancer du poumon était fortement associée au sexe, à la compréhension de la gravité d'un tel cancer et à la situation géographique de l'école fréquentée. Le sexe, le statut socioéconomique et l'environnement familial étaient des facteurs importants qui influaient sur le comportement des lycéens en matière de tabagisme et sur leurs perceptions du risque. Ces résultats ont des implications politiques importantes.
Shadid, H.M. & Hossain, S.Z. (2015). Smoking behaviour, knowledge and perceived susceptibility to lung cancer among secondary-school students in Amman, Jordan. EMHJ-Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 21 (3), 185 - 193. World Health Organization, Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean. http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/255086
JournalEMHJ-Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 21 (3): 185 - 193
1687-1634 (Online ISSN)
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