Integrated management of childhood illness (IMCI): strategic plan for 2000-2005
AbstractIn countries in sub-Saharan Afnca, about 1.2 million children under five years of age die every year of acute respiratory infections (ARI), especially pneumonia. An estimated SOO 000 die of diarrhoeal diseases, about 500 000 of measles and sorne 600 000 of malaria. Each of these diseases is also associated with malnutrition in more than 50% of the ensuing deaths. Projections based on an analysis of the global burden of disease, completed in 1996, indicate that these conditions will continue to be major contributors to morbidity and mortality up to the year 2020 unless significantly more serious efforts are made to control them. 2. The need for a global response to this situation calls for the anchoring of health in a broad setting which provides opportunities for the implementation of preventive, promotional, curative and developmental interventions. Achieving sustained improvement in child health requires integration of these efforts as well as long-term partnerships to support nationally-defined and evidence-based policies and strategies. 3. In response to the challenge of childhood iIInesses, the WHO Regional Office for Africa has since 1995, intensified its support to Member States by adopting the Integrated Management ofChildhood IIlness (IMCI) programme, which is a cost-effective strategy for the reduction of morbidity and mortality in this vulnerable group. As at December 1998, the strategy was being implemented in 22 of the 46 countries in the Region.
Regional Committee for Africa, 49. (2011). Integrated management of childhood illness (IMCI): strategic plan for 2000-2005. https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/1940