Health systems strengthening in the African Region: realities and opportunities
Резюме1. The world health report 2000 defines health systems as comprising all the organizations, institutions and resources that are devoted to producing health actions whose primary purpose is to improve health. It identifies four functions of health systems, namely stewardship; health financing; generating human and physical resources; and provision of health services. 2. In the last thirty years, many initiatives have been undertaken at country, regional and global levels for strengthening health systems and improving the quality of health services. The World Health Assembly (WHA) and the WHO Regional Committee for Africa adopted various documents and resolutions which provide guidance for strengthening health systems in the African Region. 3. In 1978, the World Health Assembly adopted the Health-for-All policy and Primary Health Care (PHC) as a strategy for attaining it. In 1998, the World Health Assembly renewed this commitment by requesting Member States to ensure the essentials of PHC.1 The Fifty-second World Health Assembly, in 1999, also resolved to put emphasis on strengthening health systems in developing countries. The world health report 2000 focused exclusively on health systems and improving their performance.
Regional Committee for Africa, 57. (2011). Health systems strengthening in the African Region: realities and opportunities. http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/1836
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ОписаниеFifty-seventh session Brazzaville, Republic of Congo, 27–31 August 2007
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