Recurring epidemics in the WHO African Region: situation analysis preparedness and response
AbstractBACKGROUND1. Countries in the WHO African Region continue to be affected by recurring epidemics ofcholera, malaria, meningitis, measles and zoonotic diseases including viral haemorrhagic fevers,plague and dengue fever. The epidemics have significant impact on health and economicdevelopment in the Region. For example, in 2007, African countries experienced economic lossesof US$ 60 million as a result of cholera.12. Conditions favouring recurring epidemics are prevalent in most Member States in theRegion. Inadequate access to safe water and sanitation, underlying health conditions, limitedpublic awareness of prevailing health risks, and weak health systems with limited capacity fortimely identification and response to epidemics all contribute to the frequency and severity ofepidemics. The inextricable link between humans and animals in Africa can lead to a serious riskto public health given that the majority of emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases haveoriginated from animals. Zoonoses such as Ebola, Marburg, lujo arenavirus, plague, yellow feverand H5N1 avian influenza are examples of diseases experienced in the African Region in recentyears.
Regional Committee for Africa, 60. (2011). Recurring epidemics in the WHO African Region: situation analysis preparedness and response. https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/1681