Health risks of air pollution in Europe – HRAPIE project. Recommendations for concentration–response functions for cost–benefit analysis of particulate matter, ozone and nitrogen dioxide
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عناوين أخرىРиски для здоровья от загрязнения воздуха в Европе – проект HRAPIE. Рекомендации по использованию функции "концентрация – эффект" в отношении твердых частиц, озона и диоксида азота для анализа затрат и выгод
الملخصThis document presents recommendations for concentration–response functions for key pollutants to be included in cost–benefit analysis supporting the revision of the European Union’s air quality policy. It provides a response to a question posed by the European Commission in the framework of the WHO “Health risks of air pollution in Europe – HRAPIE” project. The essential background to this response was developed through a review of evidence on health aspects of air pollutants summarized by an earlier WHO project, “Review of evidence on health aspects of air pollution – REVIHAAP”. This report recommends concentration–response functions and associated background information for several mortality and morbidity effects associated with short- and long-term exposure to particulate matter, ozone and nitrogen dioxide. This publication arises from the HRAPIE project and was co-funded by the European Union.
مؤلف غير معروف (2013). Health risks of air pollution in Europe – HRAPIE project. Recommendations for concentration–response functions for cost–benefit analysis of particulate matter, ozone and nitrogen dioxide. WHO Regional Office for Europe. http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/153692
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عرض المواد ذات الصلة حسب العنوان، إسم المؤلف والموضوع.
Air quality guidelines global update 2005 : particulate matter, ozone, nitrogen dioxide and sulfur dioxide World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe (2006, EUR/05/5046029)The WHO air quality guidelines offer guidance to policy-makers on reducing the effects on health of air pollution. This book presents revised guideline values for the four most common air pollutants - particulate matter, ozone, nitrogen dioxide and sulfur dioxide. It also gives a comprehensive review of the issues affecting the use of guidelines, which now apply the world over, in risk assessment and policy development
WHO Air quality guidelines for particulate matter, ozone, nitrogen dioxide and sulfur dioxide : global update 2005 : summary of risk assessment World Health Organization. Occupational and Environmental Health Team (2006, WHO/SDE/PHE/OEH/06.02)
Quantification of health effects related to SO2, NO2, O3 and particulated matter exposure : report from the Nordic Expert Meeting, Oslo, 15-17 October 1995 World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe; Krzyzanowski, Michal; Clench-Aas, J; Nordic Expert Meeting (1995: Oslo, Norway) (1995, EUR/ICP/EHAZ 94 04/DT01)Estimates of exposure-response relationships are needed to assess the health impact of environmental factors. Based on available research evidence, the relationships for the common air pollutants - particulate matter, sulphur dioxide (SO2), ozone (O3) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) - were reviewed by the Nordic Expert Meeting. The Meeting was organized by the Norwegian Institute for Air Research in collaboration with the WHO European Centre for Environment and Health, and with the financial support of the Nordic Council of Ministers. The report of ...