Sicily, Italy Assessing health-system capacity to manage sudden large influxes of migrants
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AbstractWHO’s new European health policy framework, Health 2020, has drawn particular attention to the area of migration and health, along with other issues related to population vulnerability and human rights. Health 2020 provides a comprehensive framework for public health work, as well as values and approaches to much-needed action, in the field of migration and health. Countries of the WHO European Region have experienced a sudden influx of migrants on several occasions in recent years. This has posed significant challenges to the health systems of the recipient countries: it has required a scaling-up of basic services to facilitate the appropriate response to the essential needs of the migrants and to fulfil their fundamental human rights. The capacity of health systems to respond to the arrival of displaced populations and resulting migrant crises largely depends on system readiness, adequate emergency management capabilities and effective multisectoral coordination mechanisms. The recent experience arising from crises in North Africa and the Middle East in particular underlines the need to identify best practices, share experiences and enter into an efficient policy dialogue between stakeholders. It also suggests the need for a long-term programme addressing migrants and health, consistent with World Health Assembly resolution WHA 61.17 of 2008 and the Global Consultation on Migrant Health of 2010 in Madrid, Spain. In response to the mass migration to Lampedusa in 2011, the Italian Ministry of Health supported WHO with a direct contribution to develop a systematic and evidence-based response to the public health needs of migrants within the framework of the Public Health Aspects of Migration in Europe project; this project supports the ongoing work of the WHO European Region to strengthen national and local capacities of Member States to address migrants’ health needs and aspects of public health associated with migrant crises.
Unknown author (2014). Sicily, Italy Assessing health-system capacity to manage sudden large influxes of migrants. WHO Regional Office for Europe. https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/138169
ISBN978 92 890 5070 8
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