SEA/RC67/12 - Strengthening the implementation of the WHO Global Strategy to reduce the harmful use of alcohol to support the achievement of the regional targets on prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases
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AbstractThe harmful use of alcohol causes a huge social, economic and disease burden. Globally, the harmful use of alcohol causes approximately 3.3 million deaths every year (or 5.9% of all deaths), and 5.1% of the global burden of diseases attributable to alcohol consumption. There are causal relationships between alcohol consumption and more than 200 health conditions, most notably alcohol dependence, liver cirrhosis, cancers and injuries. To address this escalating problem, resolution WHA63.13 on Global strategy to reduce the harmful use of alcohol was endorsed by the Sixty-third World Health Assembly in May 2010. The Strategy builds on several WHO initiatives, both global and regional, including resolution WHA61.14 on Prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases: implementation of the global strategy, which was endorsed by the Sixty-first World Health Assembly in 2008. The harmful use of alcohol is one of the four most common modifiable and preventable risk factors for noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). Reducing the harmful use of alcohol will contribute to a reduction in NCDs in the Region. A 10% relative reduction in the harmful use of alcohol by 2025 measured against a 2010 baseline has been adopted as a voluntary target both globally and regionally. This was endorsed by the governing bodies and also by the United Nations General Assembly. The High-Level Preparatory (HLP) Meeting held in the Regional Office in New Delhi, India, from 14 to 17 July 2014 reviewed the attached working paper and made the following recommendations: Actions by Member States (1) A national/sub-national alcohol policy framework to reduce the harmful use of alcohol should be developed or strengthened, as appropriate, taking into consideration the Global strategy to reduce the harmful use of alcohol. (2) Linkages between the implementation of the Global strategy to reduce the harmful use of alcohol and efforts on NCD prevention and control need to be promoted by Member States. (3) Systems and mechanisms to facilitate the implementation of the WHO Global strategy to reduce the harmful use of alcohol, which may include responsible institutions, human and financial resources, multisectoral collaborating mechanisms, and technical knowledge and information systems could be developed and/or strengthened, as appropriate. Actions by the WHO Regional Office (1) Support should be provided to develop a regional action plan linked to the NCD multisectoral action plans to be adopted at the country level. (2) Technical support should be provided and collaboration strengthned to build the capacity of Member States to advance the implementation of the Global strategy to reduce the harmful use of alcohol in accordance with the implementation of the Regional Action Plan and Targets for Prevention and Control of NCDs. (3) The WHO global network of national counterparts should be strengthened for experience-sharing and development of Region-specific programmes. The working paper and the HLP recommendations are submitted to the Sixty-seventh Session of the Regional Committee for its consideration.
World Health Organization, Regional Office for South-East Asia. (2014). SEA/RC67/12 - Strengthening the implementation of the WHO Global Strategy to reduce the harmful use of alcohol to support the achievement of the regional targets on prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases. WHO Regional Office for South-East Asia. http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/129406