SEA/RC62/9 - Code of practice for the international recruitment of health personnel
AbstractThe impact of international migration of health workers on health systems, especially of source countries, has been debated extensively in recent years. In order to provide a global response, the 2004 World Health Assembly adopted resolution WHA57.19, which requested the Director-General of WHO to develop a code of practice for the international recruitment of health personnel, in consultation with Member States and all relevant partners. Through a comprehensive consultative process involving multistakeholders, an outline of the code of practice was developed during the first half of 2008. The text was built on existing regional and bilateral agreements, Memoranda of Understanding, national and regional codes of practice, as well as on discussions from the virtual Global Dialogue on Migration, and the First Global Forum on Human Resources for Health. The report of the Secretariat containing the draft resolution and the code of practice was presented to the 124th session of the Executive Board in January 2009 for its deliberations. While expressing appreciation to the Secretariat for the work done so far, Member States expressed the view that more consultations at country and regional levels were needed on the draft code. On the recommendation of the Executive Board, the Director-General, WHO has requested that this item be placed in the formal agenda of the Sixty-second Session of the Regional Committee for South-East Asia (SEA). This technical paper describes the background, the process of development of the code of practice, the key elements, and the probable questions the Member States may wish to examine before expressing the collective view of the SEA Region to the Committee. The attached working paper was submitted to the High-Level Preparatory (HLP) Meeting for its review and recommendations for consideration by the Sixty-second Session of the Regional Committee. The HLP meeting made the following recommendations: Action by Member States (1) Organize national stakeholders’ consultations on the draft Code of Practice prior to the regional consultation; (2) consider developing a database, where appropriate, on health workforce, capturing information on migration; and (3) consider establishing, where appropriate, a national mechanism to address issues of internal migration. Action by WHO/SEARO (1) Provide technical support to countries for national consultations and for strengthening the health workforce database; and (2) organize a regional consultation in November-December 2009 to develop the regional stand and enable active contribution to the discussion at the Executive Board in January 2010 and global consultation in April 2010 on the draft code. The paper is now submitted to the Sixty-second Session of the Regional Committee for its consideration.
World Health Organization, Regional Office for South-East Asia. (2009). SEA/RC62/9 - Code of practice for the international recruitment of health personnel. WHO Regional Office for South-East Asia. http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/128458