SEA/RC66/10 - Regional action plan and targets for prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases (2013-2020)
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AbstractNoncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are the leading cause of mortality globally and in the South-East Asia Region. In May 2013, the Sixty-sixth Session of the World Health Assembly unanimously adopted resolution WHA66.10 endorsing the global action plan for prevention and control of NCDs covering the period 2013–2020. The action plan focuses on the four types of NCD – cardiovascular diseases, cancers, chronic respiratory diseases and diabetes – which make the largest contribution to morbidity and mortality, and on four shared behavioural risk factors – tobacco use, unhealthy diet, physical inactivity and harmful use of alcohol. The World Health Assembly also adopted the global monitoring framework, including 25 indicators, and a set of nine voluntary global targets and urged Member States to consider setting national targets based on country situation and capacity. To provide normative guidance to Member States on developing national action plans and setting national targets, the WHO Regional Director for South-East Asia convened a technical working group meeting on the “Regional Action Plan and Targets for Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases” in Bangkok, Thailand, from 11 to 13 June 2013. The TWG took stock of the current data availability and capacity of Member States to report on the nine global voluntary targets; deliberated on three additional regional targets, namely cervical cancer, oral cancer and household air pollution; discussed mechanisms to build national capacity and strengthen national surveillance and monitoring systems; and provided inputs to finalize the regional action plan for prevention and control of NCDs. The High-Level Preparatory (HLP) Meeting held in the Regional Office in New Delhi, India, from 1 to 3 July 2013 reviewed the working paper and made the following recommendations: Recommendations Actions by Member States (1) To develop/strengthen national action plans for prevention and control of NCDs and set national targets based on country context, taking into account global and regional action plans and voluntary targets. (2) To consider the recommendations of the Technical Working Group on strengthening national surveillance and monitoring systems including collecting baseline data on key indicators by 2015. (3) To consider drafting a resolution on noncommunicable diseases, including operative paragraphs on cervical cancer and oral cancer, for consideration by the Sixty-sixth Regional Committee. Actions by WHO-SEARO (1) To consider including oral health as a separate agenda item in the Sixty-sixth Regional Committee with consideration to the Regional Oral Health Strategy discussed at the regional consultation in November 2012 in Nepal. (2) To support Member States in mobilizing resources and building capacity for prevention and control of NCDs including for collecting baseline data for tracking progress on achievement of NCD targets. (3) To convene a mid-course review meeting in 2018–2019 to review the available data and make adjustments in the NCD targets as needed. The working paper and the HLP recommendations are submitted to the Sixty-sixth Session of the Regional Committee for its consideration.
World Health Organization. Regional Office for South-East Asia. (2013). SEA/RC66/10 - Regional action plan and targets for prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases (2013-2020). WHO Regional Office for South-East Asia. https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/128288