Active tuberculosis among Iraqi schoolchildren with positive skin tests and their household contacts
AbstractIn a prospective cohort study in Iraq, schoolchildren with a positive tuberculin skin test during the nationwide survey in 2000 were followed up in 2002 to determine prevalence of latent tuberculosis [TB] infection and risk factors among household contacts. Of 205 children, 191 remained skin-test positive in 2002. Based on X-ray and clinical examination, 9 children [4.4%] were active TB cases. Among 834 household contacts, there were 144 new TB cases, giving a cumulative incidence of 17.3%. Risk factors for TB among household contacts were: age > / = 15 years; technical/professional job; smoking; low body mass index; diabetes mellitus; steroid therapy; and closeness of contact with the index cases. Based on past history of TB in index children and their contacts, 77.2% of new TB cases were attributable to household contacts
Al Kubaisy, W., Al Dulayme, A. & Hashim, D.S. (2003). Active tuberculosis among Iraqi schoolchildren with positive skin tests and their household contacts. EMHJ - Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 9 (4), 675-688, 2003 http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/119321
JournalEMHJ - Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 9 (4), 675-688, 2003
MetadataShow full item record
Showing items related by title and MeSH subject.
Étude du contact entre les pattes des moustiques et les surfaces de repos - rapport entre ce contact et l' action du DDT et de la Dieldrine / par Ernest Ungureanu, Victoria Crismaru et Eugenia Burghele Ungureanu, Ernest; Crismaru, Victoria; Burghele, Eugenia; World Health Organization (WHO/Mal/243, 1959)