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dc.contributorNanan, D.J.EN
dc.contributorKadir, M.M.EN
dc.contributorWhite, F.M.EN
dc.date.accessioned2014-06-17T10:51:26Z
dc.date.available2014-06-17T10:51:26Z
dc.date.issued2000EN
dc.identifier.issn1020-3397EN
dc.identifier.otherhttp://applications.emro.who.int/emhj/0604/emhj_2000_6_4_670_677.pdfEN
dc.identifier.urihttp://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/118916
dc.description670-677EN
dc.description.abstractIn most countries, during the early phases of a human immunodeficiency virus epidemic, independently initiated surveys of perceived high-risk groups tend to precede the development of formal surveillance systems. Unfortunately, in low-prevalence settings, small sample sizes produce unreliable estimates of prevalence and trends, with an inevitable tendency towards positive results. In our study, we present sample size calculations and typical samples used in actual surveys, with Pakistan as our example. More useful data on risk behaviour and potential for spread can be derived from the study of commoner sexually transmitted diseases and associated risk behaviours, including assessments of knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and practicesEN
dc.language.isoenEN
dc.subjectHIV SeroprevalenceEN
dc.subjectHealth SurveysEN
dc.subjectPopulation SurveillanceEN
dc.subjectRisk FactorsEN
dc.subjectSexually Transmitted DiseasesEN
dc.subjectSubstance Abuse, IntravenousEN
dc.subjectTime FactorsEN
dc.subjectTransportationEN
dc.subject.meshHIV InfectionsEN
dc.titleSurvey and surveillance development in settings with low human immunodeficiency virus prevalenceEN
dc.relation.ispartofjournalEMHJ - Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 6 (‎4)‎, 670-677, 2000


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