Etiology of pleural effusion among adults in the State of Qatar: a 1-year hospital-based study
No Electronic Version
View StatisticsShow Statistical Information
AbstractThere have been no systematic studies of diseases causing pleural effusion in Qatar. This prospective, hospital-based study involved all adult patients [> 15 years] with pleural effusions who were admitted to referral hospitals over a 1-year period. A total of 200 cases of pleural effusion were identified [152 males and 48 females]; mean age 45.1 [SD 18.5] years. A majority of patients [73.5%] were non-Qataris, mostly from the Asian subcontinent. The most frequent cause of pleural effusions was tuberculosis [32.5%], followed by pneumonia [19%], cancer [15.5%] and cardiac failure [13%]. The most frequent cause of malignant effusion was bronchogenic carcinoma [38.7%], whereas Gram-positive organisms were the most frequent isolates from empyema fluid [62.5%]. Histological examination and culture of pleural biopsy were the most useful diagnostic workup for tuberculosis effusions, whereas repeated cytological examination of pleural fluid and pleural biopsy were most useful for malignant effusions
Khan, F.Y., Alsamawi, M., Yasin, M., Ibrahim, A.S., Hamza, M. et al. (2011). Etiology of pleural effusion among adults in the State of Qatar: a 1-year hospital-based study. http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/118668
EMHJ - Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 17 (7), 611-618, 2011
MetadataShow full item record
Showing items related by title and MeSH subject.
Heidari, B.; Bijani, K.; Eissazadeh, M.; Heidari, P. (2007)The study compared pleural fluid analysis and pleural biopsy in the diagnosis of 100 patients with exudative pleural effusion [PE] in Babol, Islamic Republic of Iran. Tuberculous pleurisy and malignant pleural effusion were confirmed by the identification of acid-fast bacilli from body fluids or tumour cells from tissue specimens. Malignant diseases and tuberculosis were the causes of exudative PE in 43% and 33% of patients respectively. The diagnostic sensitivity of pleural biopsy in patients with tuberculous PE and malignant PE was 70% and 54%, ...
Adjunct therapy with corticosteroids or paracentesis for treatment of tuberculous pleural effusion Mansour, A.A.; Al Rbeay, T.B. (2006)To determine the effect of adjunct therapy, we carried out a prospective cohort study on190 patients with tuberculous pleural effusion during May 2003- April 2004. Patients were divided into3 groups. All groups were treated with anti- tuberculosis [TB] drugs for 6 months; in group 2 [n = 46]prednisolone, 30 mg/ day for 10 days, was added; group 3 [n = 78] were given paracentesis to remove fluid. Fever and constitutional symptoms disappeared faster in group 2 [P > 0.05]. After 10 days, there was a significantly greater reduction in the size of ...