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dc.contributorAl Agili, D.E.EN
dc.contributorPark, H.K.EN
dc.date.accessioned2014-06-17T10:14:21Z
dc.date.available2014-06-17T10:14:21Z
dc.date.issued2013EN
dc.identifier.issn1020-3397EN
dc.identifier.otherhttp://applications.emro.who.int/emhj/v19/08/EMHJ_2013_19_8_711_719.pdfEN
dc.identifier.urihttp://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/118531
dc.description711 - 719EN
dc.description.abstractFew studies have evaluated the oral effects of smokeless tobacco use in adolescents. This study described the oral health status of adolescents who were daily users of local smokeless tobacco [‎shamma]‎ in Saudi Arabia. A convenience sample of 270 middle-school male students completed a questionnaire and received an oral examination and a saliva cotinine test. Among the students, 96% had plaque deposits [‎mean plaque index score 1.66]‎; 41% had gingivitis [‎mean clinical attachment loss 1.1 mm]‎; 56% had dental caries [‎mean decayed, missing, filled teeth score 2.1]‎ and 86% had at least 1 mucosal lesion. The levels of plaque, gingivitis, dental caries and periodontitis among smokeless tobacco users were similar to those of most adolescents regardless of tobacco use. Almost 9/10 students had a mucosal lesion that could be related to smokeless tobacco use. Strong measures should be taken to increase students' awareness of the adverse health effects of tobacco use and to control their access to tobaccoEN
dc.language.isoenEN
dc.relation.ispartofseriesEMHJ - Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 19 (‎8)‎, 711 - 719, 2013EN
dc.subjectAdolescentEN
dc.subjectTobacco, SmokelessEN
dc.subjectQuestionnairesEN
dc.subjectCotinineEN
dc.subjectSalivaEN
dc.subjectDental Plaque IndexEN
dc.subjectDental PlaqueEN
dc.subjectGingivitisEN
dc.subjectDental CariesEN
dc.subjectPeriodontitisEN
dc.subjectCross-Sectional StudiesEN
dc.subjectKnowledgeEN
dc.subject.meshOral HealthEN
dc.titleOral health status of male adolescent smokeless tobacco users in Saudi ArabiaEN


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