Oral health status of male adolescent smokeless tobacco users in Saudi Arabia
AbstractFew studies have evaluated the oral effects of smokeless tobacco use in adolescents. This study described the oral health status of adolescents who were daily users of local smokeless tobacco [shamma] in Saudi Arabia. A convenience sample of 270 middle-school male students completed a questionnaire and received an oral examination and a saliva cotinine test. Among the students, 96% had plaque deposits [mean plaque index score 1.66]; 41% had gingivitis [mean clinical attachment loss 1.1 mm]; 56% had dental caries [mean decayed, missing, filled teeth score 2.1] and 86% had at least 1 mucosal lesion. The levels of plaque, gingivitis, dental caries and periodontitis among smokeless tobacco users were similar to those of most adolescents regardless of tobacco use. Almost 9/10 students had a mucosal lesion that could be related to smokeless tobacco use. Strong measures should be taken to increase students' awareness of the adverse health effects of tobacco use and to control their access to tobacco
Al Agili, D.E. & Park, H.K. (2013). Oral health status of male adolescent smokeless tobacco users in Saudi Arabia. http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/118531
EMHJ - Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 19 (8), 711 - 719, 2013
Description711 - 719
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