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dc.contributorRushood, A.A.EN
dc.contributorAzmat, S.EN
dc.contributorShariq, M.EN
dc.contributorKhamis, A.EN
dc.contributorLakho, K.A.EN
dc.contributorJadoon, M.Z.EN
dc.contributorSial, N.EN
dc.contributorRushood, A.A.EN
dc.contributorKamil, E.A.EN
dc.date.accessioned2014-06-17T10:03:50Z
dc.date.available2014-06-17T10:03:50Z
dc.date.issued2013EN
dc.identifier.issn1020-3397EN
dc.identifier.otherhttp://applications.emro.who.int/emhj/v19/03/EMHJ_2013_19_3_282_288.pdfEN
dc.identifier.urihttp://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/118414
dc.description282 - 288EN
dc.description.abstractFrom December 2005 to June 2007, a total screening of all 1418 government primary schools in Khartoum State, Sudan, was performed to estimate ocular problems among children aged 6-15 years. We screened 671 119 children [‎56.7% males]‎ for significant refractive error and other eye ailments. Ocular problems were found in 20 321 [‎3.03%]‎ children. The 3 localities with highest ocular pathology were Karary [‎26.2%]‎, Ummbada [‎21.0%]‎ and Jabal Awlia [‎15.7%]‎. The overall prevalence of refractive error was 2.19%. Myopia was found in 10 064 [‎1.50%]‎ children while 4661 [‎0.70%]‎ were hyperopic. Other ocular problems included vernal keratoconjunctivitis, vitamin A deficiency, microbial conjunctivitis, strabismus and corneal opacity. Only 288 [‎0.04%]‎ children were diagnosed with active trachoma: 86.5% of these were from Ummbada locality, on the periphery of the State, where transportation facilities are poor and poverty is widespread. Overall, 99% of the eye ailments identified are either treatable or preventable. To reduce these and to achieve the goals of Vision 2020, an effective and efficient school health programme is neededEN
dc.language.isofrEN
dc.subjectChildEN
dc.subjectSchoolsEN
dc.subjectRefractive ErrorsEN
dc.subjectMyopiaEN
dc.subjectHyperopiaEN
dc.subjectConjunctivitis, AllergicEN
dc.subjectVitamin A DeficiencyEN
dc.subjectConjunctivitis, BacterialEN
dc.subjectStrabismusEN
dc.subjectCorneal OpacityEN
dc.subjectTrachomaEN
dc.subjectPrevalenceEN
dc.subject.meshEye DiseasesEN
dc.titleOcular disorders among schoolchildren in Khartoum State, SudanEN
dc.relation.ispartofjournalEMHJ - Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 19 (‎3)‎, 282 - 288, 2013


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