Second-hand smoke and indoor air quality in public places in Gaza city
AbstractSecond-hand smoke is a major cause of preventable disease and death in the Eastern Mediterranean Region. To assess how second-hand smoke impacts air quality, respirable suspended particles [PM[2.5]], which are emitted during cigarette and waterpipe smoking, were measured inside and outside of 18 smoking and 5 nonsmoking public venues in Gaza city. Median PM[2.5] level inside the smoking venues was 117 microg/m, which exceeds the WHO guidelines for daily PM[2.5] exposure [25 microg/m] by more than 4-fold. The median level inside the smoking venues [117 microg/m] was significantly higher than outside the venues [43 microg/m], and significantly higher than the median level inside non-smoking venues [40 microg/m]. By contrast, particulate levels outside non-smoking venues [35 microg/m] did not differ from the corresponding levels inside [40 microg/m]. To protect employees and the public from second-hand smoke exposure, policies prohibiting smoking in public places are needed in Gaza city
Abuelaish, I., Seidenberg, A.B., Kennedy, R.D. & Rees, V.W. (2013). Second-hand smoke and indoor air quality in public places in Gaza city. EMHJ - Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 19 (5), 447 - 451, 2013 http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/118373
JournalEMHJ - Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 19 (5), 447 - 451, 2013
Description447 - 451
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