Waterpipe smoking in Kuwait
AbstractA nonrandom sample of 2972 Kuwait is answered a questionnaire about smoking behaviour and beliefs. More than one-third [35%] were nonsmokers, 45% smoked only the waterpipe, 12% only cigarettes and 8% both waterpipe and cigarettes. Compared with cigarette smokers, waterpipe smokers were more likely to be female and to be unskilled manual workers than professionals or students. Waterpipe smokers started the habit at an older age on average than cigarette smokers. Most waterpipe smokers smoked only 1 bowl per day, and smoked mostly at coffee houses. Factor analysis of beliefs about waterpipe smoking resulted in 4 groups of beliefs which explained 50% of the variance. The results are discussed in terms of public health policy and possible risk reduction strategies
Mohammed, H.R., Zhang, Y., Newman, M. & Shell, D.F. (2010). Waterpipe smoking in Kuwait. EMHJ - Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 16 (11), 1115-1120, 2010 http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/118038
JournalEMHJ - Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 16 (11), 1115-1120, 2010
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