Safe water supply in emergencies and the need for an exit strategy to sustain health gains: lessons learned from the 2005 earthquake in Pakistan
AbstractThe bacteriological quality of drinking-water supply of five major urban centres affected by the October 2005 earthquake in Pakistan were assessed in three phases: onset of emergency, during emergency response and post-emergency. A total of 1850 samples were randomly collected from the study area during each phase, and faecal coliforms were detected in 100%, 28% and 91% inBattagram, 81%, 22% and 77% in Mansehra, 100%, 27% and 92% in Rawalakot, 100%, 23% and 65% in Bagh and in 30%, 14% and 5% in Muzaffarabad respectively. Faecal contamination was high during the onset of emergency and post-emergency phases in four out of the five surveyed towns. The organization of a timely emergency response intervention depends on the level of preparedness of local water-supply service providers as well as on their institutional capacities. Bacteriological water-quality improvements in emergencies may not be sustained unless complemented by a proper exit strategy
Magon, M., Bile, K.M., Kazi, B.M. & Gardezi, Z. (2010). Safe water supply in emergencies and the need for an exit strategy to sustain health gains: lessons learned from the 2005 earthquake in Pakistan. EMHJ - Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 16 (Supp.), 91-97, 2010 http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/118027
JournalEMHJ - Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 16 (Supp.), 91-97, 2010
MetadataShow full item record
Showing items related by title and MeSH subject.
Workshop on Household Water Treatment and Safe Storage (HWTS), Siem Reap, Cambodia, 10-12 October 2006 : report World Health Organization. Regional Office for the Western Pacific ((WP)EHE/ICP/PHE/2.1/001, 2006)
Khoury, S.; Graczyk, T.; Burnham, G.; Jurdi, M.; Goldman, L. (2016-08)Drinking water at Shatila Palestinian Refugee Camp in Beirut, Lebanon is of poor quality and unpredictably intermittent quantity. We aimed to characterize drinking water sources and contamination at Shatila and determine how drinking water can be managed to reduce community health burdens. We interviewed the Popular Committee, well owners, water vendors, water shopkeepers and preschool administrators about drinking water sources, treatment methods and the population served. Water samples from the sources and intermediaries were analysed for ...