Role of periodontitis in hospital-acquired pneumonia
AbstractThis study evaluated the role of periodontal pathogens in 50 hospitalized patients with hospital-acquired pneumonia compared with 30 healthy controls. Specimens of oropharyngeal aspirate, dental plaque, bronchoalveolar lavage and blood cultured 1 or more pathogens in around 80% of patients, predominately Staphylococcus aureus, followed by coagulase-negative staphylococci, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Klebsiella pneumoniae. Antibiotic sensitivity patterns showed concordance of bacterial cultures from dental plaque and oropharyngeal cavity in 13 patients. C-reactive protein [CRP] levels were significantly higher in patients than in controls and there was a significant correlation between serum and salivary CRP levels. Dental plaque biofilm may promote oral and oropharyngeal colonization of respiratory pathogens in hospitalized subjects
El Attar, M.M., Zaghloul, M.Z. & El Menoufy, H.S. (2010). Role of periodontitis in hospital-acquired pneumonia. EMHJ - Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 16 (5), 563-569, 2010 http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/117918
JournalEMHJ - Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 16 (5), 563-569, 2010
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WHO Expert Group on Equipment and Materials for Oral Care; World Health Organization. Oral Health Unit (WHO/ORH/EGEMOC/CPITN/1990. Unpublished, 1990)
Gholami, M.; Pakdaman, A.; Jafari, A.; Virtanen, J.J. (2014)Determining what people know and believe about periodontal health and disease is important in order to establish prevention practices.This study aimed to assess knowledge of and attitudes towards periodontal health among adults in Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran.We conducted a cross-sectional face-to-face interview survey in 2011 of 791 adults aged 18-50 years using a stratified, multistage sampling method.We recorded demographic characteristics including age, sex, education, marital status, employment and economic status [housing density]. The ...