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dc.contributorWaked, M.EN
dc.contributorSalameh, P.EN
dc.contributorAoun, Z.EN
dc.date.accessioned2014-06-17T08:41:32Z
dc.date.available2014-06-17T08:41:32Z
dc.date.issued2009EN
dc.identifier.issn1020-3397EN
dc.identifier.otherhttp://applications.emro.who.int/emhj/1502/15_2_2009_0432_0442.pdfEN
dc.identifier.urihttp://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/117656
dc.description432-442EN
dc.description.abstractWe carried out a comparative study to assess the demographic and social characteristics of water pipe [‎WP]‎ smokers, the association with cigarette smoking and chronic respiratory diseases and the dependence profile on 4 groups: exclusive WP smokers, exclusive cigarette smokers, mixed smokers and absolute non-smokers. Cigarette smoking was statistically significantly higher in WP smokers than non-WP smokers; 36.5% of exclusive WP smokers smoked >/= 7 WPs/week. Chronic respiratory disease and chronic bronchitis were reported more frequently in exclusive WP smokers than absolute non-smokers. WP smoking seems to be as great a risk factor as cigarette smoking for chronic respiratory diseaseEN
dc.language.isoenEN
dc.subjectDemographyEN
dc.subjectSmokingEN
dc.subjectRisk FactorsEN
dc.subjectRespiratory Tract DiseasesEN
dc.subjectQuestionnairesEN
dc.subjectSex FactorsEN
dc.subject.meshSmokingEN
dc.titleWater-pipe [‎narguile]‎ smokers in Lebanon: a pilot studyEN
dc.relation.ispartofjournalEMHJ - Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 15 (‎2)‎, 432-442, 2009


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