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dc.contributorRahimi Rad, M.H.EN
dc.contributorGaderi Pakdel, F.EN
dc.contributorSalari Lak, S.EN
dc.date.accessioned2014-06-17T08:16:20Z
dc.date.available2014-06-17T08:16:20Z
dc.date.issued2008EN
dc.identifier.issn1020-3397EN
dc.identifier.otherhttp://applications.emro.who.int/emhj/1401/14_1_2008_006_016.pdfEN
dc.identifier.urihttp://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/117402
dc.description6-16EN
dc.description.abstractTo investigate the prevalence of smoking, asthma and asthma-related symptoms in relation to age, sex and smoking behaviour in Urmia, we carried out a cross-sectional study in 2004 using the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease questionnaire, which includes some questions on smoking. We surveyed 2987 adults aged 20-44 years. Prevalence of wheeze, breathlessness with wheezing, asthma attack, use of asthma medication and nasal allergy were 4.8%, 3.3%, 1.2%, 1.1%, and 16.0% respectively. Current smokers comprised 16.4% of participants. Prevalence of asthma symptoms was significantly greater in smokers than non-smokers. Rates for asthma diagnosis and asthma medication were lower than the European Community Respiratory Health Survey medianEN
dc.language.isoenEN
dc.subjectSmokingEN
dc.subjectPrevalenceEN
dc.subjectCross-Sectional StudiesEN
dc.subjectQuestionnairesEN
dc.subjectAge DistributionEN
dc.subjectSex DistributionEN
dc.subjectSigns and Symptoms, RespiratoryEN
dc.subject.meshAsthmaEN
dc.titleSmoking and asthma in 20-44-yearold adults in Urmia, Islamic Republic of IranEN
dc.relation.ispartofjournalEMHJ - Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 14 (‎1)‎, 6-16, 2008


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