Smoking and asthma in 20-44-yearold adults in Urmia, Islamic Republic of Iran
AbstractTo investigate the prevalence of smoking, asthma and asthma-related symptoms in relation to age, sex and smoking behaviour in Urmia, we carried out a cross-sectional study in 2004 using the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease questionnaire, which includes some questions on smoking. We surveyed 2987 adults aged 20-44 years. Prevalence of wheeze, breathlessness with wheezing, asthma attack, use of asthma medication and nasal allergy were 4.8%, 3.3%, 1.2%, 1.1%, and 16.0% respectively. Current smokers comprised 16.4% of participants. Prevalence of asthma symptoms was significantly greater in smokers than non-smokers. Rates for asthma diagnosis and asthma medication were lower than the European Community Respiratory Health Survey median
Rahimi Rad, M.H., Gaderi Pakdel, F. & Salari Lak, S. (2008). Smoking and asthma in 20-44-yearold adults in Urmia, Islamic Republic of Iran. EMHJ - Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 14 (1), 6-16, 2008 https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/117402
JournalEMHJ - Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 14 (1), 6-16, 2008
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