Now showing items 1-20 of 2899

    • Features of sickle-cell disease in Bahrain 

      Al Arrayed, Sheikha S.; Haites, Neva (‎1995)‎
      Genetic disorders of haemoglobin are prevalent in Bahrain. In a study of the hospital population covering 56 198 Bahrainis, we found that 2% of newborns have sickle-cell disease [‎SCD]‎ and 18% have sickle-cell trait, while 24% are carriers of the [‎-thalassaemia gene. In a study of the presentation of SCD among Bahrainis it was found that the mild form of the disease predominates, but a wide clinical variability is apparent. It was also found that their haematological values are similar to those of patients from Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia, where ...
    • Primary health care through family health programmes in field practice area Hadaba Shargia, Tripoli, Libya 

      Abounaja, Sadik; Nayak, Chandra S. (‎1995)‎
      The study looked at 3 465 people from 427 families who visited the family clinic in Hadaba Shargia, Tripoli, Libya, between December 1985 and November 1987. Total coverage for the multiphasic screening was 61.93%, out of which a majority were below the age of 15 years. The literacy rate was 64.18%. Most of those screened above the age of 15 were housewives. Of the families, 75.36% were living as nuclear families, with average family size of 8.1. Morbidity prevalence at the time of survey was 464.6 per 1 000, with a predominance of infectious ...
    • Anaemia in the Eastern Mediterranean Region 

      Verster, Anna; Vander Pols, Jolieke C. (‎1995)‎
      lron deficiency anaemia is a serious worldwide public health problem, having negative effects on work capacity, intellectual performance and pregnancy, apparently irreversible by subsequent iron therapy. In the countries of the Eastern Mediterranean Region [‎EMR]‎, the prevalence of anaemia in women and preschool children is high [‎2 - 60%]‎. Anaemia in the EMR has many causes, such as low bioavailabitity of the iron consumed, high consumption of inhibitors of iron absorption, child-bearing patterns and parasitic infections. There is an urgent need ...
    • Growth pattern of Saudi schoolboys in a high-altitude area of Saudi Arabia 

      Abolfotouh, Mostafa A.; Badawi, Ibrahim A. (‎1995)‎
      The aim of the present study was to examine the growth of schoolboys in a high-altitude area of Saudi Arabia, and to investigate the appropriateness of using the US National Center for Health Statistics [‎NCHS]‎ standards for the assessment of children's growth in such areas. The study concluded that the use of NCHS standards is not appropriate for the assessment of growth of schoolboys in Asir Region. Further studies are needed to determine whether the findings of this study are altitude-dependent or not
    • Bibliography of recent literature on poliomyelitis 

      Al Shorbaji, Najeeb (‎1995)‎
    • [‎The role of the Middle East in international health cooperation from the beginning of the nineteenth century until the inception of the World Health Organization]‎ 

      Hammoud, Esmat I. (‎1995)‎
      Health cooperation in the region began in 1820 when Muhammad Ali Pasha recruited foreign physicians to establish medical services for the Egyptian army. This paper reviews the subsequent development of public health services in the Middle East. The role of "I'Office international d'Hygiene publique" [‎OIHP]‎ in Paris is reviewed. In 1926 the Egyptian Quarantine Board became a regional office for the OIHP and was renamed the "Regional Bureau for Epidemiological Intelligence for the Near Easr" in 1938. In 1945, it became the Pan Arab Regional Health ...
    • Schistosomiasis reinfection and community compliance in a primary health care participatory research project in Menoufia, Egypt 

      Khairy, Amal A.M.; Farag, Hassan (‎1995)‎
      This study aimed to train local primary health care teams on sound scientific techniques for schistosomiasis case-finding, recording, treatment and follow-up in the context of primary health care; involve local community members in designing and conducting epidemiological research on schistosomiasis and follow-up of positive cases in collaboration with primary health care teams; and assess the impact of this methodology on community compliance to laboratory testing and treatment, besides the impact on rates of prevalence, intensity, incidence and ...
    • Low birth weight in the Taif Region, Saudi Arabia 

      Madani, Khalid A. (‎1995)‎
      The present study is a prospective case-control study on low-birth-weight [‎LBW]‎ infants born at the maternity hospital in Taif city in Saudi Arabia. The results showed a lower incidence [‎1 3.6%]‎ of LBW than that reported from other developing countries. However, this incidence was almost double that reported from other cities in Saudi Arabia. Almost all forms of fetal morbidities among LBW infants and mortalities showed significant increase. Although the 2 500 gram figure for identifying low birth weight is important for comparison across different ...
    • Testing of several methods of sterilization in dental practice 

      Jamani, Falak (‎1995)‎
      The performance of autoclaves, dry-heat ovens and chemical solutions used for sterilization of dental instruments has been tested. Two autoclaves, 2 boiling-water devices and 27 dry-heat ovens serving 73 dental clinics were examined. Biological tests and TST [‎time, steam, temperature]‎ strip tests were conducted. One dry-heat oven and the two boiling-water devices failed to produce adequate sterilization. An assortment of 1 00 dental instruments and equipment that had been sterilized by chemical means were randomly selected and examined for the ...
    • Assessment of the prevalence of iodine deficiency disorders among primary school children in Cairo 

      El Sayed, Nawal A. (‎1995)‎
      This study was done to assess the prevalence of iodine deficiency [‎ID]‎ among primary schoolchildren in Cairo. A stratified random sampling technique covering the five geographic zones of Cairo was used. Data revealed that the goitre rate was 13.5%; being 10.8% among males and 16.2% among females. Prevalence among females was higher than that of males in all categories. Based on the data found by this study, it can be concluded that ID constitutes a mild public health problem among Cairo primary schoolchildren, and a salt iodization programme is ...
    • Regional AIDS epidemiological data 

      Anonymous (‎1995)‎
    • Knowledge, attitude and practice the three pillars of excellence and wisdom: a place in the medical profession 

      Badran, Ibrahim G. (‎1995)‎
      Knowledge, attitude and practice constitute a triad of interactive factors characterized by dynamism and unique interdependence. Emphasis is laid, for each component of the triad, on the value of ethical conduct in raising the application of the component in real life to a peak. Special treatment is given to several important factors that can influence or control the course of practice in the medical profession. We consider in depth the conglomerate of information, education, communication and human resources development; the sociohumanistic ...
    • AIDS-the past, present and future in the Eastern Mediterranean Region 

      Wahdan, Mohamed H. (‎1995)‎
      Sexual transmission is now the predominant mode of HIV transmission in the Eastern Mediterranean Region. It is mostly males who are affected. HIV prevalence is increasing steadily, particularly among persons practising high-risk behaviour. The cumulative number of reported cases in the Region since the start of the epidemic is just over 3 000, which is much less than the actual number; the number of identified HIV positives is less than 10 000 cases. The estimated cumulative number of cases of HIV infection in the Region is between 1 00 000 and ...
    • Rotavirus infection in infants and young children with acute gastroenteritis in the Islamic Republic of Iran 

      Modarres, Shahrazad; Modarres, Shahab; Oskoii, Navideh N. (‎1995)‎
      The incidence of rotavirus infection was studied in 704 children less than five years of age who were suffering from acute gastroenteritis, between July 1993 and June 1994 in Teheran. Rotavirus antigen was detected by ELISA in 15.3% of the stool samples examined, as compared to 1.1% in a group of healthy controls. The frequency of rotavirus infection was significantly higher among patients under 24 months of age [‎19.7%]‎ than among children two years old or more [‎5.1%]‎. Breast-feeding had a protective action against rotavirus infection and the ...
    • Mortality rate of preterm neonates in two teaching hospitals in Teheran, Islamic Republic of Iran 

      Fallahian, Masoumah (‎1995)‎
      In a retrospective study conducted in two teaching hospitals in Teheran, records of 573 preterm infants were reviewed. The birth weights ranged between 500 and 2500 grams, and the gestational ages between 24 and 36 weeks. This study indicated that the expected survival rate of neonates was greatly influenced by a gestational age of more than 32 weeks and a birth weight exceeding 1250 grams. The youngest surviving neonate was a female whose gestational age was 26-27 weeks and birth weight 1500 grams. The smallest surviving [‎in weight]‎ was a female ...
    • Pattern of growth development of premature children at the age of two and three years in Alexandria, Egypt [‎Part II]‎ 

      Khalil, Khadiga A. (‎1995)‎
      This is the second part of a paper on a study conducted in Alexandria on 68 premature children. Controls were full-term children, double the number of prematures, and matched by age and sex. The first part presented differences in growth and development in relation to prematurity. This part deals with risk factors for prematurity. The study revealed that low educational level of fathers and parental smoking were significant risk factors for prematurity. The mean age of both parents and mothers' gravidity were significantly higher for prematures. ...
    • Nutritional outcome of appropriate feeding during and after acute diarrhoea in children 

      Madkour, Ahmed A. (‎1995)‎
      A sample of 120 children with acute diarrhoea was divided into two equal study groups. There was no difference between groups in pre-intervention and post-intervention findings during the acute phase of diarrhoea. Upon discharge, Group A patients were supplied weekly with sufficient milk formula and cereal together with adequate nutritional advice while Group B patients were supplied with food or nutritional advice only if requested by the mothers. Forty nine patients from each group were followed each week for four weeks. Group B infants showed ...
    • Innovative health education project in Al-Qassim region, Saudi Arabia 

      Abdel Gadir, Muzamil H. (‎1995)‎
      A pilot project was conducted with the aim of training and human resources development in health education, enhancing health education research, and establishing a health promotion and education centre in Al-Qassim region, Saudi Arabia. Health education programmes of three months for males [‎n = 14]‎ and two to three weeks for females [‎n = 253]‎ were offered. The work activities of such trained personnel were monitored and evaluated. It was concluded that through these programmes the targeted population could be trained to a satisfactory extent. ...
    • Social health in the Arab city 

      Asfour, Khaled (‎1995)‎
      The physical aspect of a Healthy City is obvious, but Healthy Cities can also be used to promote social health-spirituality, moral behaviour, etc. Can planners and architects help in attaining this type of health which is tied to social conduct</= The paper does not go as far as suggesting that the built form can actually control the behavioural patterns of citizens, but rather develops some urban design techniques inspired by historic mosque architecture in traditional Arab cities. Suggestions for improving and promoting social health in cities ...