Now showing items 1-20 of 2899

    • Features of sickle-cell disease in Bahrain 

      Al Arrayed, Sheikha S.; Haites, Neva (‎1995)‎
      Genetic disorders of haemoglobin are prevalent in Bahrain. In a study of the hospital population covering 56 198 Bahrainis, we found that 2% of newborns have sickle-cell disease [‎SCD]‎ and 18% have sickle-cell trait, while 24% are carriers of the [‎-thalassaemia gene. In a study of the presentation of SCD among Bahrainis it was found that the mild form of the disease predominates, but a wide clinical variability is apparent. It was also found that their haematological values are similar to those of patients from Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia, where ...
    • [‎The role of the Middle East in international health cooperation from the beginning of the nineteenth century until the inception of the World Health Organization]‎ 

      Hammoud, Esmat I. (‎1995)‎
      Health cooperation in the region began in 1820 when Muhammad Ali Pasha recruited foreign physicians to establish medical services for the Egyptian army. This paper reviews the subsequent development of public health services in the Middle East. The role of "I'Office international d'Hygiene publique" [‎OIHP]‎ in Paris is reviewed. In 1926 the Egyptian Quarantine Board became a regional office for the OIHP and was renamed the "Regional Bureau for Epidemiological Intelligence for the Near Easr" in 1938. In 1945, it became the Pan Arab Regional Health ...
    • Bibliography of recent literature on poliomyelitis 

      Al Shorbaji, Najeeb (‎1995)‎
    • Eastern Mediterranean health news 

      Anonymous (‎1995)‎
    • Nutritional outcome of appropriate feeding during and after acute diarrhoea in children 

      Madkour, Ahmed A. (‎1995)‎
      A sample of 120 children with acute diarrhoea was divided into two equal study groups. There was no difference between groups in pre-intervention and post-intervention findings during the acute phase of diarrhoea. Upon discharge, Group A patients were supplied weekly with sufficient milk formula and cereal together with adequate nutritional advice while Group B patients were supplied with food or nutritional advice only if requested by the mothers. Forty nine patients from each group were followed each week for four weeks. Group B infants showed ...
    • Social health in the Arab city 

      Asfour, Khaled (‎1995)‎
      The physical aspect of a Healthy City is obvious, but Healthy Cities can also be used to promote social health-spirituality, moral behaviour, etc. Can planners and architects help in attaining this type of health which is tied to social conduct</= The paper does not go as far as suggesting that the built form can actually control the behavioural patterns of citizens, but rather develops some urban design techniques inspired by historic mosque architecture in traditional Arab cities. Suggestions for improving and promoting social health in cities ...
    • Rotavirus infection in infants and young children with acute gastroenteritis in the Islamic Republic of Iran 

      Modarres, Shahrazad; Modarres, Shahab; Oskoii, Navideh N. (‎1995)‎
      The incidence of rotavirus infection was studied in 704 children less than five years of age who were suffering from acute gastroenteritis, between July 1993 and June 1994 in Teheran. Rotavirus antigen was detected by ELISA in 15.3% of the stool samples examined, as compared to 1.1% in a group of healthy controls. The frequency of rotavirus infection was significantly higher among patients under 24 months of age [‎19.7%]‎ than among children two years old or more [‎5.1%]‎. Breast-feeding had a protective action against rotavirus infection and the ...
    • Assessment of some cardiovascular risk factors during the pre-Haj medical examinations in Oman 

      Mehta, Firdosi R. (‎1995)‎
      Hospital-based data in Oman reveal that ischaemic heart disease and cerebrovascular diseases alone account for 30% of hospital deaths in the age group 15 years and above. Very few community-based data are available on the subject, hence a multicentre cardiovascular screening study was undertaken during the pre-Haj medical examination in May 1991, in which 1749 Omanis were screened. Blood pressure levels, body-mass index, serum cholesterol and sugar were recorded and analysed. The results of this study indicate that major risk factors for ...
    • Challenges and opportunities for tobacco control in the Islamic countries-a case-study from Bangladesh 

      Islam, Nazar; Al Khateeb, Mohamed (‎1995)‎
      Cigarette consumption is rapidly increasing in all Muslim countries. In Muslim countries in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, cigarette consumption has increased by 224% between 1963 and 1990. In Bangladesh, approximately 60 to 70 per cent of adult males and 20 to 30% of adult females consume tobacco in some form or other. The fact that tobacco has been accepted as an addictive substance, is a reminder that in Islam it is strictly forbidden; and smoking should not be considered normal behaviour in a Muslim society. Muslim countries thus have both ...
    • Factors affecting the choice of maternal and child health services in a rural area of Saudi Arabia 

      Al Nahedh, Nosa N.A. (‎1995)‎
      This study examines factors affecting the choice of maternal and child health services in a rural area in Saudi Arabia. A house-to-house survey of 329 women in Al-Oyaynah village, north-west of Riyadh city, was carried out to determine the maternal factors associated with this choice. The variables examined included age, duration of marriage, education, occupation, income, parity and husband's education. The analysis showed that distance from the health service, education of the mother and her age were the strongest determinants of the choice of ...
    • Innovative health education project in Al-Qassim region, Saudi Arabia 

      Abdel Gadir, Muzamil H. (‎1995)‎
      A pilot project was conducted with the aim of training and human resources development in health education, enhancing health education research, and establishing a health promotion and education centre in Al-Qassim region, Saudi Arabia. Health education programmes of three months for males [‎n = 14]‎ and two to three weeks for females [‎n = 253]‎ were offered. The work activities of such trained personnel were monitored and evaluated. It was concluded that through these programmes the targeted population could be trained to a satisfactory extent. ...
    • [‎Review of the history of the teaching of medicine in Arabic]‎ 

      Al Katib, Bashir (‎1995)‎
      This paper reviews the history of using Arabic as a working language in the development of medical sciences and education since the Arab-Islamic civilization took over the heritage of the Greek civilization and replaced it in the track of piomeer human civilizations. The paper also discusses the subsequent developments in teaching medical sciences in the Arab world up till now
    • [‎Public health and the United Nations system for development in Morocco]‎ 

      Zeribi, Taoufik (‎1995)‎
      This paper reviews the work of the United Nations specialized agencies and programmes within the framework of their cooperation in the area of public health in Morocco
    • Regional AIDS epidemiological data 

      Anonymous (‎1995)‎
    • Eastern Mediterranean health news 

      Anonymous (‎1995)‎
    • Bibliography of recent literature on AIDS 

      Al Shorbaji, Najeeb (‎1995)‎
    • Epidemiology of congenital abnormalities in Bahrain 

      Al Arrayed, Sheikha S. (‎1995)‎
      This study was carried out in order to find out the incidence of congenital anomalies in Bahrain. Statistics of the Bahraini Ministry of Health for 11 years from 1980 to 1990 were studied. The overall incidence rate of congenital anomalies in Bahrain was found to be 2.7% of live births. Each anomaly was studied separately and compared with the incidence in other countries, whenever possible. It was found that anomalies of the musculoskeletal system have the highest incidence [‎2.28 per 1000]‎, followed by the genitourinary system [‎2.13 per 1000]‎, ...
    • Practices and problems of female health/medical technicians in North-West Frontier Province, Pakistan 

      Faisel, Arjumand; Khan, Parveen A.; Noreen, Alveena (‎1995)‎
      The Ministry of Health in Pakistan introduced in 1977 mid-level health workers called medical technicians to provide emergency aid and rudimentary services at basic health units and rural health centres. With the policy of placement of doctors in these units in the early eighties, their name was changed to health technicians, whose duties emphasized preventive activities instead of working as doctors' substitutes. The objectives of this study were to estimate the percentage of graduated female technicians in the service, understand their reasons ...