Urban and peri-urban food and nutrition action plan : elements for community action to promote social cohesion and reduce inequalities through local production for local consumption
AbstractThe overall objective of the Urban and Peri-Urban Food and Nutrition Action Plan is to promote health and quality of life through an integrated, comprehensive food and nutrition policy, in local communities. The benefits of increasing the amount and distribution of locally grown food, especially vegetables and fruit include: environmental; social; and direct and indirect economic benefits in addition to health benefits. The Action Plan is written for everyone, from the local/municipal authorities through to the community itself, interested in achieving a sustainable development through food and nutrition policies. Policies which advocate sustainable food production, equitable distribution, wide access and increased consumption of vegetables and fruit is a concrete way of achieving Health for All in the 21st Century. Growing, buying, and eating more vegetables and fruits can reduce the risk of non-communicable diseases, such as cardiovascular diseases and certain types of cancer, and can simultaneously promote healthy environments and sustainable development. A common problem throughout the Region is the poor availability and inequitable access to micronutrient rich vegetables and fruit, especially by vulnerable groups, resulting in micronutrient deficiency. Lack of availability and access creates barriers to increasing fruit and vegetable consumption. Actions, described in this Action Plan, to improve availability and access and reduce food poverty (food insecurity) will also: improve equity; promote local sustainability; empower vulnerable groups; reduce social and health problems and promote social justice while simultaneously preventing micronutrient deficiency and reducing the prevalence of cardiovascular disease and cancer. This document, the Urban and Peri-Urban Food and Nutrition Action Plan, while presenting certain common cohesive elements, also presents options, space for creativity and adaptation to local circumstances
World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe. (2001). Urban and peri-urban food and nutrition action plan : elements for community action to promote social cohesion and reduce inequalities through local production for local consumption. Copenhagen : WHO Regional Office for Europe. https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/108407
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