Environmental health indicators for the WHO European Region 3 : survey methods for environmental health assessments : report on the WHO working group meeting, Bonn, 18-19 November 2002
AbstractThe WHO European Centre for Environment and Health, Bonn Office is implementing a project aiming at establishment of an information system to support public health and environmental policies within and across the WHO European Region countries. The 'core' of the system are the Environmental Health Indicators (EHI). The feasibility study of the EHI system identified critical data gaps for which specially organised surveys are needed to supplement the existing statistical data as well as monitoring and surveillance systems. This meeting was convened to agree on the scope of the environment and health (EH) issues for which survey are necessary and to recommend the most appropriate survey methods and tools to enable comparable assessments within and across the countries. The group discussed experiences from large-scale, regularly conducted representative national and international survey instruments to gather information on exposures and associated health effects whose association is supported by a sufficient body of evidence. The Working Group (WG) identified several survey tools on relevant exposures and health effects; indoor air quality; housing; noise; respiratory health and annoyance. These can be used as guidelines in the design of an international EH survey. The group recommended a number of well-established surveys tools, both in the form of questionnaires and objective measurements, and identified several instruments which need further methodological development and expert consultations. Participants agreed on the necessary steps to develop the most appropriate survey design; selection of the methods and tools and their feasibility testing in collaboration with the Member States. The group pointed out that cost-effective instruments suitable for national and international use should be included in the proposal for an EH indicator system within the information platform to be endorsed by the Fourth Ministerial Conference on Environment and Health (Budapest, 2004) for implementation across the WHO European region
World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe. (2003). Environmental health indicators for the WHO European Region 3 : survey methods for environmental health assessments : report on the WHO working group meeting, Bonn, 18-19 November 2002. Copenhagen : WHO Regional Office for Europe. http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/107477
Gov't Doc #EUR/03/5043726
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