تصفح Technical documents حسب الموضوع "السببية"
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Disease mapping and risk assessment for public health decision-making : report on a WHO workshop, Rome, Italy 2-4 October 1997 (1999, EUR/ICP/EHRO 02 03 01)Spatially referenced epidemiological data and analytical methods recently developed for geographical studies are becoming increasingly common. Although in-depth investigations can be carried out, problems remain with interpretation and with evaluation of the implications. The Workshop aimed at clarifying the relevance of geographical studies and their role in informing public health decision-making. Several issues of interest were discussed, including the ability of geographical studies to assess the causality of observed associations; to estimate ...