• Clinical diagnosis versus autopsy 

      Martins Carvalho, Fernando; Widmer, María Rita; Cruz, Marla; Palomo, Victor; Cruz, Constanza (‎1991)‎
      Records from 910 autopsies performed at a university hospital in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil, were examined in order to assess the accuracy of clinical diagnoses of the patients' underlying causes of death. This study found inaccurate clinical diagnoses in 31 per cent of the cases. The overall rate of diagnostic error appeared to remain fairly stable from 1970 to 1982 being highest for older patients. Thirthy-six percent of the 263 cancer deaths were incorrectly diagnosed, and a number of pathologies considered relatively easy to diagnose were not ...