Now showing items 1-4 of 4

    • An inhibitor of Staphylococcus aureus exfoliative toxin 

      Al Sulami, A.A.; Al Rubiay, K.K.; Affat, A.M. (‎2001)‎
      We describe here an inhibitor of Staphylococcus aureus exfoliative toxin. The toxin was extracted from an S. aureus strain isolated from a case of staphylococcus scalded skin syndrome. The activity of the toxin was compared in tryptic soy broth and brain heart infusion broth. Both supported growth of S. aureus but the culture filtrate of brain heart infusion broth lacked exfoliative toxin activity. Furthermore it appeared to contain a substance that neutralized the action of exfoliative toxin. This suggests the possibility of a treatment for ...
    • Multicentre surveillance of antibiotic resistance in nosocomial Staphylococcus aureus in Cyprus 

      Gourni, M.; Kontou, M.; Hadjipanayiotou, C.; Protopapa, P. (‎2001)‎
      Four general hospitals in Cyprus evaluated the incidence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus [‎MRSA]‎ strains in positive cultures of staphylococci among inpatients from September 1999 to March 2000. One hundred and ninety three [‎193 strains were isolated from cultures of respiratory secretions, skin and mucous membrane lesions, blood and urine. Of the S. aureus strains studied, 80 [‎41.45%]‎ were MRSA and 113 [‎58.55%]‎ were methicillin sensitive S. aureus [‎MSSA]‎. More than 78.75% of the MRSA were resistant to erythromycin and 18.75% to ...
    • Multidrug-resistant bacteria among patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia in an emergency intensive care unit, Egypt 

      Azzab, Magda M.; El Sokkary, Rehab H.; Tawfeek, Mohamed M.; Gebriel, Manar G. (‎2016-12)‎
      Ventilator-associated pneumonia [‎VAP]‎ is the most common hospital-acquired infection among mechanically ventilated patients. Our objectives were to determine the incidence of VAP, isolate multidrug-resistant bacteria, identify the most prevalent resistant strains and identify their antibiotic susceptibility pattern. The VAP rate was calculated. The isolated microbes were identified and tested for antibiotic susceptibilities. The minimum inhibitory concentrations were determined of imipenem, meropenem and ertapenem for Klebsiella isolates. Klebsiella ...
    • Staphylococcus aureus as a paradiagm of a persistent problem of bacterial multiple antibiotic resistance in Abha, Saudi Arabia 

      Bilal, N.E.; Gedebou, M. (‎2000)‎
      We reviewed the microbiology laboratory records of Abha Maternity Hospital, Saudi Arabia for 1996 and 1998 to assess multiple antibiotic resistance, using Staphylococcus aureus as a paradigm. A total of 587 and 485 strains were isolated in 1996 and 1998 respectively. In 1996, over 60.0% were resistant to five of the nine antibiotics tested; in 1998, over 55.0% were resistant to six antibiotics. In both years, 71.0% were methicillin-resistant S. aureus. Over 85.0% of all strains were multiresistant. Although over 100 types of resistance patterns ...