Now showing items 1-3 of 3

    • Characterization of influenza outbreaks in Lebanon during the 2013/14 and 2014/15 seasons 

      Saito, R.; Akinobu, H.; Shaker, R.A.; Akel, I. S.; Assaf Casals, A.; Lteif, M.; Odagiri, T.; Inaba, R.; Soudani, N.; Khafaja, S.; Ghanem, S.T.; Rajab, M.; Shobugawa, Y.; Dbaibo, G.S.; Zaraket, H. (‎2016-07)‎
      Despite the significant burden of influenza outbreaks, active disease monitoring has been largely absent in the Middle East, including Lebanon. In this study we characterized influenza virus in 440 nasopharyngeal swabs collected from patients with acute respiratory infections during two influenza seasons in Lebanon. Influenza A[‎H3N2]‎ was dominant in the 2013/14 season while the A[‎H1N1]‎pdm09 and B/Yamagata strains were most prevalent in the 2014/15 season. All tested isolates were susceptible to 4 neuraminidase inhibitors [‎oseltamivir, zanamivir, ...
    • The H1N1 influenza pandemic of 2009 in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: lessons learnt and future strategy 

      Haq, Z.; Malik, M.; Khan, W. (‎2016)‎
      A novel strain of influenza A virus H1N1 surfaced in Mexico in April 2009 and quickly spread across the globe, turning an epidemic into a pandemic. Within two months, the World Health Organization [‎WHO]‎ declared an international health emergency and raised the threat bar from level V to level VI, i.e. containment to mitigation. During this time, the WHO Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean worked closely with its Member States, other stakeholders and WHO headquarters to manage the situation. This report examines the steps taken as part ...
    • Molecular epidemiology and evolution of A[‎H1N1]‎ pdm09 and H3N2 viruses in Jordan, 2011-2013 

      El Shesheny, R.; Halasa, N.B.; Williams, J.V.; Shehabi, A.A.; Faouri, S.; Kayali, G.; Khuri Bulos, N. (‎2016-07)‎
      Understanding the genetic evolution of A [‎H1N1]‎pdm09 and H3N2 viruses can help better select strains to be included in the annual influenza vaccine. There is little information on their evolution in Jordan so this study investigated the genetic and antigenic variability of A[‎H1N1]‎pdm09 and H3N2 viruses in Jordan by performing phylogenetic and genetic analyses of the HA and NA genes of A[‎H1N1]‎pdm09 and H3N2 viruses between 2011 and 2013. The full HA and NA genes of 16 H1N1-positive samples obtained in our study and 21 published HA sequences and ...